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Useful Tropical Plants

Vitex grandifolia

Gürke

Lamiaceae

+ Synonyms

Vitex bipindensis Gürke

Vitex lutea A.Chev.

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Vitex grandifolia is an evergreen shrub or tree with a spreading crown; it can grow up to 20 metres tall. The bole is often sinuous and slightly fluted at the base, it is usually up to 60cm in diameter, with some specimens to 120cm, and can be branchless for up to 15 metres though usually much less[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for its edible fruit, medicinal purposes and useful timber.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

West tropical Africa - Sierra Leone to Gabon.

Habitat

Often an understorey tree of lowland evergreen forest, it can become locally common, especially when growing in secondary forests[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height15.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



The tree often flowers all year round, though the fruit ripens in two distinct periods through the year[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Edible Uses

The fruits are edible and are used to make an alcoholic drink[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Medicinal

In traditional medicine the bark is used as a stomachic and to treat diarrhoea, bronchial complaints, rickets, sores and fever[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

The leaves are used in medications against colic, infections of the umbilical cord, toothache, rheumatism and orchitis[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

A tea made from the fruits is drunk as a tonic[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Other Uses

The black juice exuding from leaves heated over a fire has been used as ink[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

The heartwood is whitish to pale brown, darkening on exposure to brown, and indistinctly demarcated from the sapwood. The grain is usually straight; texture medium. The wood is moderately durable and reportedly resistant to termite attack, though the sapwood is susceptible to Lyctus beetle attack[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
]. It is easy to saw and work with hand and machine tools; it generally planes to a smooth surface and finishes well, it nails well without splitting[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
]. Veneer of good quality can be produced[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
]. The wood is used on a local scale for light construction, drums and canoe seats. It is suitable for light flooring, joinery, interior trim, furniture, cabinet work, toys, novelties, shipbuilding, vehicle bodies, agricultural implements, boxes, crates, veneer, plywood and pulpwood[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Propagation

Seed - germination rates are usually good, with up to 90% of the seeds sprouting within 2 - 3 months of being sown[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-12-15. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Vitex+grandifolia>

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