Myristica cuspidata Spruce ex Benth.
Myristica elongata Benth.
Myristica longicuspis Spruce ex Warb.
Myristica membranacea Poepp. ex A.DC.
Myristica punctata Spruce ex Benth.
Myristica theiodora Spruce ex Benth.
Myristica uaupensis Spruce ex A.DC.
Palala cuspidata (Benth.) Kuntze
Palala elongata (Benth.) Kuntze
Palala membranacea (Poepp. ex A.DC.) Kuntze
Palala punctata (Spruce ex Benth.) Kuntze
Palala theiodora (Spruce ex Benth.) Kuntze
Palala uaupensis (Spruce ex A.DC.) Kuntze
Virola cuspidata (Spruce ex Benth.) Warb.
Virola rufula (Mart. ex A.DC.) Warb.
Virola theiodora (Spruce ex Benth.) Warb.
Virola elongata is a tree with a flat or spreading crown that can grow up to 40 metres tall. The more or less cylindrical bole can be straight or slightly bent; it is up to 50cm in diameter and can be unbranched for two thirds its total height[
The tree is harvested from the wild as a source of oil and latex. It is also harvested for its wood.
S. America - Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, the Guyanas; Central America - Panama.
Dense, flood-free, primary rainforest at elevations up to 120 metres[
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A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if seed is required[
An hallucinogenic snuff is prepared from the reddish bark 'resin'[
]. The resin, which is boiled, dried, pulverized, and occasionally mixed with the powdered leaves of a Justicia species and the bark-ashes of Theobroma subincanum, or Elizabetha princeps, acts rapidly and violently. Effects include excitement, numbness of the limbs, twitching of facial muscles, nausea, hallucinations, and finally a deep sleep. Amongst some native people, use is restricted to Shamans, but in other tribes it is used frequently by many adult males[
Small pellets of the boiled resin are rolled in a 'salt' left following evaporation of the filtrate of bark ashes of Gustavia Poeppigiana, and other plants and ingested to bring on a rapid intoxication, during which the witch doctors see and speak with 'the little people'[
There is appreciable variation in alkaloid concentration in different parts of the plant, but the content in the bark resin may reach as high as 11%[
The exudate is used for the treatment of mouth sores and thrush[
The seeds are rich in oil[
]. It is used for making candles and soap[
Cut or damaged trees exude a blood-red, watery latex that is similar to the kino of commerce[
The heartwood is tan or light brown with no clear demarcation from the sapwood. The wood is straight-grained; moderately fine-textured; it has no distinctive odour or taste; is inclined to be fibrous and has no growth rings[
]. It is of fairly light or medium weight; appears to be durable; is easy to work; takes a moderately smooth finish[
We do not have any more information on the wood of this species. However, a general description of the wood from this genus is as follows:-
Upon drying and exposure, the heartwood becomes a pinkish golden-brown or a deep reddish-brown; it is sharply demarcated from the cream to tan coloured sapwood. The texture is rather coarse; the grain straight; lustre is low to medium; there is no distinctive odour or taste. The wood is not resistant to attack by decay fungi and is very susceptible to attack by termites and other insects; logs require prompt conversion or water storage to prevent damage by pinhole borers; bacterial attack resulting in the formation of odoriferous compounds is also reported. It is generally reported to be difficult to season, with a strong tendency to warp and check as well as collapse and honeycomb; thick stock is slow to dry. It works easily with both hand and machine tools and produces a good finish; it glues well; cuts well into veneers. The wood is used for purposes such as veneer and plywood, particle and fiberboard, furniture components, boxes and crates, light construction, general carpentry, millwork[
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