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Useful Tropical Plants

Vigna khandalensis

(Santapau) Sundararagh. & Wadhwa

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Phaseolus grandis Dalzell & A.Gibson

Phaseolus khandalensis Santapau

Vigna grandis (Dalzell & A.Gibson) Verdc.

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Vigna khandalensis is an erect, branched, annual plant producing 1 - 2 primary stems near the base and growing around 130 - 240cm tall[
1620
Title
Vigna khandalensis (Santapau) Raghavan et Wadhwa: a promising underutilized, wild, endemic legume of the Northern We
Publication
Genet Resour Crop Evol June 2018
Author
Suraj D. Umdale et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10722-018-0657-y
Publisher
 
Year
2018
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food - mainly in times of shortage, though the plant is also cultivated locally as a food crop in western India[
1620
Title
Vigna khandalensis (Santapau) Raghavan et Wadhwa: a promising underutilized, wild, endemic legume of the Northern We
Publication
Genet Resour Crop Evol June 2018
Author
Suraj D. Umdale et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10722-018-0657-y
Publisher
 
Year
2018
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
Vigna khandalensis is noted to be rare, which implies a small population and possibly a small area of occupancy, although this could not be accurately calculated. The threats to the habitat within the range of this species are ongoing and the habitat is also fragmented. The population is inferred to have suffered a decline, although this is difficult to quantify. The plant is classified as 'Near Threatened' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2012)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

E. Asia - India (Gujarat, Maharashtra, ?Karnataka, ?Tamil Nadu)

Habitat

Hilly forests, usually in open situations often on slopes; at elevations from 150 - 1,200 metres[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
]. Roadsides, hilly slopes, pond sides and near human settlements[
1620
Title
Vigna khandalensis (Santapau) Raghavan et Wadhwa: a promising underutilized, wild, endemic legume of the Northern We
Publication
Genet Resour Crop Evol June 2018
Author
Suraj D. Umdale et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10722-018-0657-y
Publisher
 
Year
2018
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Properties

Conservation StatusNear Threatened
Edibility Rating *  *  *
HabitAnnual
Height1.80 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details



This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria; these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
1620
Title
Vigna khandalensis (Santapau) Raghavan et Wadhwa: a promising underutilized, wild, endemic legume of the Northern We
Publication
Genet Resour Crop Evol June 2018
Author
Suraj D. Umdale et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10722-018-0657-y
Publisher
 
Year
2018
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Edible Uses

Seed - cooked[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
]. Eaten in times of famine[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
]. The seed contains around 48% carbohydrate, 24% protein and 5.5% lipids[
1620
Title
Vigna khandalensis (Santapau) Raghavan et Wadhwa: a promising underutilized, wild, endemic legume of the Northern We
Publication
Genet Resour Crop Evol June 2018
Author
Suraj D. Umdale et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10722-018-0657-y
Publisher
 
Year
2018
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Both unripe and mature seeds of this species are cooked as a vegetable or eaten raw[
1620
Title
Vigna khandalensis (Santapau) Raghavan et Wadhwa: a promising underutilized, wild, endemic legume of the Northern We
Publication
Genet Resour Crop Evol June 2018
Author
Suraj D. Umdale et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10722-018-0657-y
Publisher
 
Year
2018
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The cylindrical seedpods are around 59mm long and 5mm in diameter, containing around 8 seeds that can each be up to 4mm ilong and 3mm wide[
1620
Title
Vigna khandalensis (Santapau) Raghavan et Wadhwa: a promising underutilized, wild, endemic legume of the Northern We
Publication
Genet Resour Crop Evol June 2018
Author
Suraj D. Umdale et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10722-018-0657-y
Publisher
 
Year
2018
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-08-25. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Vigna+khandalensis>

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