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Useful Tropical Plants

Vernonia arborea

Buch.-Ham.

Asteraceae

+ Synonyms

Conyza acuminata Wall.

Flustula tomentosa Raf.

Gymnanthemum acuminatum Steetz

Leucomeris glabra Blume ex DC.

Leucomeris javanica Blume ex DC.

Vernonia blumeana DC.

Vernonia florescens Elmer

Vernonia urdanetense Elmer

Vernonia vaniotii H.Lév.

Vernonia wallichii Ridl.

Common Name:

Vernonia arborea
Inflorescence
Photograph by: Vinayaraj
Creative Commons License
Vernonia arborea Vernonia arborea Vernonia arborea Vernonia arborea

General Information

Vernonia arborea is an evergreen shrub or a tree that can grow 15 - 26 metres tall. The bole is usually straight and cylindrical, but is sometimes twisted; it can be free of branches for up to 12 metres, and up to 40cm in diameter[
388
Title
Guide to the Trees of Papua New Guinea
Publication
 
Author
Conn. B.J. & Damas. K.Q.
Website
http://www.pngplants.org/PNGtrees/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An Internet site giving good descriptions of the trees of Papua New Guinea.
,
443
Title
Biotik, Laos
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://biotik.org/species_list_laos.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on more than 100 species of Laotian trees.
,
653
Title
Plants of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.asianplant.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Excellent site with brief information on the plant, its range, habitat and uses, plus phots of specimens, close-ops of flowers and leaves etc,
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of wood.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.

Range

E, Asia - southern China, India, Thailand, Vambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia to New Guinea.

Habitat

A sub-canopy tree, common especially in forest gaps, areas of secondary growth, disturbed places and along roads; growing in a wide range of situations from swamps to river sides, hillsides and dry ridges; at elevations up to 1,600 metres[
443
Title
Biotik, Laos
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://biotik.org/species_list_laos.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on more than 100 species of Laotian trees.
,
653
Title
Plants of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.asianplant.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Excellent site with brief information on the plant, its range, habitat and uses, plus phots of specimens, close-ops of flowers and leaves etc,
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height12.00 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

A decoction of the leaves and roots is used to promote the wound healing process and to treat fevers and colics[
443
Title
Biotik, Laos
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://biotik.org/species_list_laos.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on more than 100 species of Laotian trees.
]. A mixture of the leaves is used to make a tonic for women after childbirth[
653
Title
Plants of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.asianplant.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Excellent site with brief information on the plant, its range, habitat and uses, plus phots of specimens, close-ops of flowers and leaves etc,
].

The roots are used in the treatment of fevers[
611
Title
Five hundred plant species in Gunung Halimun Salak National Park, West Java
Publication
 
Author
Hari Priyadi et al
Website
http://www.cifor.cgiar.org
Publisher
Center for International Forestry Research; Indonesia.
Year
2010
ISBN
978-602-8693-22-6
Description
Brief details of the uses of 500 Indonesian plants. It is available as a PDF document to download from the internet.
].

The bark is used in the treatment of aphtha (small ulcers in the mouth or tongue)[
611
Title
Five hundred plant species in Gunung Halimun Salak National Park, West Java
Publication
 
Author
Hari Priyadi et al
Website
http://www.cifor.cgiar.org
Publisher
Center for International Forestry Research; Indonesia.
Year
2010
ISBN
978-602-8693-22-6
Description
Brief details of the uses of 500 Indonesian plants. It is available as a PDF document to download from the internet.
].

The plant contains vernonin, which is similar to digitalin (obtained from Digitalis spp.) but less toxic[
443
Title
Biotik, Laos
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://biotik.org/species_list_laos.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on more than 100 species of Laotian trees.
].

Other Uses

The pale yellow to white wood is light in weight, soft. It cuts woolly It is used for light, indoor construction, household appliances and matchsticks[
611
Title
Five hundred plant species in Gunung Halimun Salak National Park, West Java
Publication
 
Author
Hari Priyadi et al
Website
http://www.cifor.cgiar.org
Publisher
Center for International Forestry Research; Indonesia.
Year
2010
ISBN
978-602-8693-22-6
Description
Brief details of the uses of 500 Indonesian plants. It is available as a PDF document to download from the internet.
,
653
Title
Plants of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.asianplant.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Excellent site with brief information on the plant, its range, habitat and uses, plus phots of specimens, close-ops of flowers and leaves etc,
,
857
Title
The Forest Resources of the Territories of Papua and New Guinea.
Publication
 
Author
Lane-Poole C.E.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Government of the Commonwealth of Australia; Victoria.
Year
1925
ISBN
 
Description
A detailed report on the geography, climate, peoples and many of the plants of New Guinea. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The wood is used for fuel[
653
Title
Plants of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.asianplant.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Excellent site with brief information on the plant, its range, habitat and uses, plus phots of specimens, close-ops of flowers and leaves etc,
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-12-16. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Vernonia+arborea>

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