Andira cinerascens Mart.
Machaerium macrocarpum Benth.
Machaerium mucronatum Benth.
Tipuana amazonica Ducke
Tipuana cinerascens (Benth.) Malme
Tipuana macrocarpa (Benth.) Benth.
Tipuana mucronata J.F.Macbr.
Common Name: Angelim
Angelim is a deciduous tree with a sparse and irregular crown; usually growing 5 - 10 metres tall, though when growing in forests it can be 15 metres or more tall[
]. The cylindrical bole is normally crooked, 30 - 50cm in diameter, with a thick, corky bark[
The tree is sometimes gathered from the wild for its timber, and for its medicinal bark[
]. It is sometimes cultivated by the Kayapó Indians in NE Brazil for medicinal purposes[
]. Ornamental when in bloom, the tree can be used for landscaping[
S. America - most regions in Brazil, Bolivia.
Mainly found in primary or secondary, more open woodlands, usually on gentle slopes where the soil is clayey but well drained and of medium fertility[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Ornamental, Wild
Prefers a sunny position[
]. Established plants are drought tolerant[
Although many species within the family Fabaceae have a symbiotic relationship with soil bacteria, this species is said to be devoid of such a relationship and therefore does not fix atmospheric nitrogen[
The fruits are diuretic[
The bark has medicinal uses[
The wood is heavy, hard, fibrous, thick-textured, of medium mechanical resistance and quite durable indoors[
]. It is used in general constructions, furniture making, door and window jambs etc[
The wood is used for fuel and making charcoal[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a semi-shaded position in a nursery bed or individual containers[
]. Germinations rates are usually less than 50%, taking place in 3 - 5 weeks[
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