Andira amazonum Mart. ex Benth.
Andira bracteosa Benth.
Ormosia pacimonensis Spruce ex Benth.
Vatairea surinamensis Kleinhoonte
Vuacapua amazonum (Mart. ex Benth.) Kuntze
Vatairea guianensis is a deciduous tree growing up to 30 metres tall[
]. The bole can be 60 - 90cm in diameter with low flutes[
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of wood - the wood is also traded.
The wood and fruits are poisonous[
]. This suggests that all parts of the plant are likely to be poisonous[
The sawdust can cause allergies to woodmill workers[
Northern S. America - Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, the Guyanas.
Rain and marsh forests, especially by rivers, it is also sometimes found in swamps[
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A plant of low elevations in the moist tropics, where it is usually found at elevations below 200 metres.
Although many species within the family Fabaceae have a symbiotic relationship with soil bacteria, this species is said to be devoid of such a relationship and therefore does not fix atmospheric nitrogen[
A decoction of the bark is used as a dressing on ulcers[
]. The bark is used in the treatment of scabies[
The sap is used to treat ringworm[
An infusion of the bark, plus the fruit-sap, is mixed with coconut oil and used in the treatment of ringworm and eczema[
The leaves and the seed: are used to make a pomade remedy for skin diseases[
The seed is applied as a plaster to treat itches and skin diseases such as dartre, eczema, scabies and sores[
]. A less effective plaster for these ailments is sometimes made with the grated bark of the tree[
The wood has been shown to contain quinones and chrisophanic acid, which are known to be active on certain dermatitis problems[
The heartwood is bright yellow when freshly sawn, becoming light brown to dark brown or red brown upon exposure to air; it is clearly demarcated from the 4 - 7cm wide band of sapwood. The texture is coarse; the grain straight or slightly interlocked. The wood is moderately heavy to heavy; varying from soft to hard; elastic; moderately durable, being resistant to dry wood borers and moderately resistant to fungi and termites. It seasons fairly quickly with only a slight risk of checking and distortion; once dry it is moderately stable to stable in service. There is quire a high blunting efect, stellite-tipped and tungsten carbide tools are recommended; it planes easily; nailing and screwing are good, but require pre-boring; gluing is correct. The wood has been recommended for decorative work, furniture, planking, ships, industrial flooring, etc[
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