Carica stipulata V.M.Badillo
Common Name: Siglalon
Siglalon is a spiny, erect, evergreen tree, producing few side branches, usually from near the base. It can grow up to 8 metres tall[
The tree is harvested from the wild for its edible fruits, which are eaten locally. A rich source of papain (which has a range of uses, including as a digestive enzyme), it has the potential for commercial exploitation.
S. America - Peru, Ecuador.
A tree of moderate elevations in the tropics, where it can be found from 1,600 - 2,500 metres[
]. It could also, potentially, be grown in warm temperate and subtropical areas.
A vigorous tree growing up to 2 - 3 metres tall in its first year and usually producing fruit in its second year of growth from seed[
Plants can be productive for 20 years or more[
Fruit - raw or cooked. Most plants produce fruit that is only suitable for cooking, but occasional plants have fruits that are delicious raw[
]. The cream to yellow pulp is used to prepare preserves, candies, juices etc[
]. This species is said to produce the best jams and sauces of the genus[
]. The flavour is sour, aromatic, pleasant[
]. The fruit is very rich in papain[
]. The fruit probably has a higher content of papain than any other member of the genus - the raw juice, even of fully ripe fruits, tends to irritate the skin, especially the corners of the mouth[
]. The ovoid-oblong to oblong, yellowish green to orange fruit is, 6 - 15cm long and 3 - 8cm in diameter[
Seed - sow in individual containers or in a nursery seedbed in light shade. Germination can be slow and difficult, taking about 30 days[
]. Seedlings can be planted out when 4 - 6 months old[
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