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Useful Tropical Plants

Urera caracasana

(Jacq.) Griseb.

Urticaceae

+ Synonyms

Urera acuminata Miq.

Urera alceifolia (Poir.) Gaudich.

Urera capitata Wedd

Urera coralline (Liebm.) Wedd.

Urera jacquinii Wedd.

Urera mitis (Vell.) Miq.

Urera subpeltata Miq.

Urtica alceifolia Poir.

Urtica caracasana Jacq.

Urtica corallina Liebm.

Urtica mitis Vell.

Urtica tilliifolia Kunth

Urtica ulmifolia Kunth

Urtica verrucosa Liebm.

Common Name:

Urera caracasana
Ripe fruits
Photograph by: O. M. Montiel
Creative Commons License
Urera caracasana Urera caracasana Urera caracasana Urera caracasana Urera caracasana Urera caracasana Urera caracasana Urera caracasana

General Information

Urera caracasana is a coarse shrub or small tree, sometimes growing up to 10 metres tall. The round bole is straight or moderately so, up to 25cm in diameter, and can be unbranched for 3 metres. The plant has thick, pale
branches and is provided throughout with short, straight, slender, more or less stinging hairs[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
,
453
Title
Woods of Northeastern Peru
Publication
 
Author
Williams L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Field Museum Press; Chicago.
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
Gives information on the properties of the wood of well over 1,000 species of woody plants from northeastern Peru. Can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of fibre. It is cultivated as a hedge in many areas within its native range and in Maya home gardens of eastern Yucatán it is grown for medicinal purposes[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].

Known Hazards

The plant is furnished with stinging hairs, especially the stiff hairs of the inflorescence, but the pain produced is ephemeral and not nearly so severe as that of the related Urera baccifera[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
].

Botanical References

331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
,
342
Title
Flora of Jamaica
Publication
 
Author
Fawcett. W. & Rendle. A. B.
Publisher
British Museum
Year
1910
ISBN
 
Description
Rather dated, so many name changes. Nevertheless, a very good guide to the plants of the Caribbean. The book is out of copyright and can be legally downloaded from various websites.

Range

S. America - Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, the Guyanas; C. America - Panama to Mexico; Caribbean.

Habitat

Common in moist or wet thickets or often in dense mixed forest, often abundant in secondary growth, it is also much planted for hedges; found at elevations from 900 - 2,900 metres[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitShrub
Height5.00 m
Self-fertileNo
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details


Found in the wild in sandy soils or light, medium loams[
453
Title
Woods of Northeastern Peru
Publication
 
Author
Williams L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Field Museum Press; Chicago.
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
Gives information on the properties of the wood of well over 1,000 species of woody plants from northeastern Peru. Can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
Usually a dioecious species, though sometimes monoecious. In general, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[
342
Title
Flora of Jamaica
Publication
 
Author
Fawcett. W. & Rendle. A. B.
Publisher
British Museum
Year
1910
ISBN
 
Description
Rather dated, so many name changes. Nevertheless, a very good guide to the plants of the Caribbean. The book is out of copyright and can be legally downloaded from various websites.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The root is believed to be antihaemorrhagic, and a leaf infusion is used as a treatment for erysipelas[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].

The leaves are used in the treatment of muscle pain. A leaf is held by its petiole and the nettles are brushed against the skin[
521
Title
Useful Plants of the Siona and Secoya Indians of Eastern Ecuador.
Publication
Fieldiana Botany New Series No. 15
Author
Vickers W.T.; Plowman T.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History; USA.
Year
1984
ISBN
0015 - 0746
Description
Very terse, but it gives the uses of a large number of species. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. The crushed leaves are rubbed on the skin as a febrifuge[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].

The female flowering branches are rubbed on parts of the body where there is muscular pain (this variety has no stinging hairs on the stem or leaves, but does in the inflorescence)[
521
Title
Useful Plants of the Siona and Secoya Indians of Eastern Ecuador.
Publication
Fieldiana Botany New Series No. 15
Author
Vickers W.T.; Plowman T.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History; USA.
Year
1984
ISBN
0015 - 0746
Description
Very terse, but it gives the uses of a large number of species. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

A tea made from the bark is used as a remedy for pulmonary diseases[
454
Title
Useful Fiber Plants of the World
Publication
 
Author
Dodge C.R.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
USDA; Washington.
Year
1897
ISBN
 
Description
A rather dated, but very comprehensive catalogue of fibre plants from around the world. The book can be downloaded from the Internet.
].


The plant is used widely for medicinal purposes. The roots are boiled with honey and the liquid is used for stomach ache and as a vermicide[
676
Title
Anthropological Papers Nos. 27 - 32
Publication
Bureau of American Ethnology. Bulletin 136.
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
US Government Printing Office; Washington.
Year
1943
ISBN
 
Description
A series of papers, including one looking at 100 often used native plants of the Yucatan.
].
The leaves are also boiled and crushed for their juice, which is mixed with the juice of 9 or 13 oranges. The mixture is then heated and the resulting concoction given to babies with diarrhoea[
676
Title
Anthropological Papers Nos. 27 - 32
Publication
Bureau of American Ethnology. Bulletin 136.
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
US Government Printing Office; Washington.
Year
1943
ISBN
 
Description
A series of papers, including one looking at 100 often used native plants of the Yucatan.
].
The leaves, wrapped in a cloth and tied on the head, are said to be good for headache[
676
Title
Anthropological Papers Nos. 27 - 32
Publication
Bureau of American Ethnology. Bulletin 136.
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
US Government Printing Office; Washington.
Year
1943
ISBN
 
Description
A series of papers, including one looking at 100 often used native plants of the Yucatan.
].

Agroforestry Uses:

With its stinging hairs to discourage intrusion, the plant is commonly used as a hedge. However, the sting has a much milder effect and so the plant is not nearly so efficient as U. Baccifera at keeping out unwanted guests. The hedges are trimmed when they get too tall, and then send up long straight simple shoots, whose growth soon restores the hedge to its former height[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
].

Other Uses

A strong fibre is obtained from the bark. It is used to make nets, traditional short-hip clothing etc[
454
Title
Useful Fiber Plants of the World
Publication
 
Author
Dodge C.R.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
USDA; Washington.
Year
1897
ISBN
 
Description
A rather dated, but very comprehensive catalogue of fibre plants from around the world. The book can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The bark should be an excellent source of fibre for making paper[
454
Title
Useful Fiber Plants of the World
Publication
 
Author
Dodge C.R.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
USDA; Washington.
Year
1897
ISBN
 
Description
A rather dated, but very comprehensive catalogue of fibre plants from around the world. The book can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

The wood is creamy yellow with purplish and dark gray patches; odourless and tasteless; straight-grained; medium textured ; very light or fairly light in weight; very difficult to cut smoothly across grain and does not take a smooth finish; perishable[
453
Title
Woods of Northeastern Peru
Publication
 
Author
Williams L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Field Museum Press; Chicago.
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
Gives information on the properties of the wood of well over 1,000 species of woody plants from northeastern Peru. Can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. No uses are recorded.

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2018-10-18. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Urera+caracasana>

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