Amblyoglossum brevipes Turcz.
Tylophora brevipes is a slender, woody climbing plant, twining into other plants for support[
The plant is sometimes gathered from the wild for local medicinal use.
Southeast Asia - Philippines.
Thickets at low elevations[
A decoction of the fresh or dried roots is used as an emetic and as an emmenagogue, carminative, diaphoretic, and expectorant[
]. The fresh or dried roots are only used in the form of a decoction in the Philippines, without regard to dose or strength[
]. This decoction is prescribed in cases where a powerful and quick emetic is required. It is used as a remedy against fevers, indigestion, incipient tuberculosis, asthma, and coughs, so as to help the ejection of bronchial mucus. It is sometimes used as an emmenagogue and even as a cure for gastralgia[
]. It is said that if a patient is given a very strong dose it may produce vomiting, which will finally kill the patient[
]. The fresh roots are chewed and swallowed as a treatment for indigestion[
The root is used as a substitute for ipecacuanha (Carapichea ipecacuanha) in all its uses[
]. The roots of ipecac contain a number of medically active constituents including isoquinoline alkaloids, tannins and glycosides[
]. They have a violently irritant action, stimulating the gastric and bronchial systems, lowering fevers and preventing cyst formation in amoebic dysentery[
The leaves contain an alkaloid reacting like that found in the bark. The alkaloid is similar in action to tylophorine, found in Tylophora asthmatica, this plant can be used in the same manner as T. Asthmatica[
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