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Useful Tropical Plants

Triplaris melaenodendron

(Bertol.) Standl. & Steyerm.

Polygonaceae

+ Synonyms

Triplaris auriculata Meisn.

Triplaris macombii Donn.Sm.

Vellasquezia melaenodendron Bertol.

Common Name:

Triplaris melaenodendron
Crown of tree
Photograph by: Indiana Coronado
Creative Commons License
Triplaris melaenodendron Triplaris melaenodendron Triplaris melaenodendron

General Information

Triplaris melaenodendron is an evergreen tree with a rounded crown; usually growing 6 - 12 metres tall but often larger[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for its timber, which is mainly used locally.

Known Hazards

Hollow branches on the tree are almost invariably inhabited by savage ants that inflict painful bites when the tree is molested[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
].

Botanical References

331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/

Range

Northern S. America - Colombia; through Central America to Mexico.

Habitat

Thickets or forest of the Pacific plains and foothills, at elevations up to 750 metres in Guatemala[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
].

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height12.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

A plant of mainly lowland areas in the moist Tropics, though it can be found at elevations up to 1,200 metres. It succeeds in areas with all-year-round rainfall as well as areas that have a distinct dry season[
369
Title
Flora of Costa Rica
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C.
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History; Chicago
Year
1938
ISBN
 
Description
Rather dated, but an excellent treatment of the area. Available for download from the internet.
].

The stumps send up sprouts after the tree has been felled[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
].
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if seed is required.

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The wood is yellowish, rather light and soft but firm, with straight or fairly straight grain, of medium texture, easy to work, takes a good polish, apparently is not durable[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
]. It is used locally for construction purposes[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
].
We have no more information on the wood from this species. However, we have a general description of the wood for this genus, which is as follows:-
The heartwood is a pale gray-brown to pinkish-brown; it is not demarcated from the sapwood. The texture is medium to moderately coarse; the grain straight or slightly interlocked; lustre is medium; there is no distinctive odour or taste. The wood is not very durable, being susceptible to attack by decay fungi and vulnerable to dry-wood termites. Drying is reported to vary from fairly slow to rapid, depending on species, with medium warping and checking. The wood machines well in all operations, but is rated only fair in turning. It is used for purposes such as furniture components, boxes and crates, interior construction, fiberboard and particleboard, joinery[
316
Title
Tropical Timbers of the World. Ag. Handbook No. 607.
Publication
 
Author
Chudnoff. Martin.
Publisher
USDA Forest Service. Wisconsin.
Year
1984
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details on the properties of the wood of almost 400 species of trees from the Tropics.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2020-07-06. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Triplaris+melaenodendron>

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