If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating.
Useful Tropical Plants

Triplaris cumingiana

Fisch. & C.A.Mey. ex C.A.Mey.

Polygonaceae

+ Synonyms

Triplaris arnottiana Meisn.

Triplaris guayaquilensis Wedd.

Triplaris lindeniana Wedd.

Common Name:

Triplaris cumingiana
Cultivated tree in Sao Paulo, Brazil
Photograph by: mauroguanandi
Creative Commons License
Triplaris cumingiana Triplaris cumingiana Triplaris cumingiana Triplaris cumingiana Triplaris cumingiana Triplaris cumingiana

General Information

Triplaris cumingiana is an evergreen tree with a pyramid-shaped crown; it can grow 10 - 25 metres tall. The bole, which can be 10 - 30cm in diameter has small buttresses at the base[
333
Title
Tree Species of Panama
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ctfs.arnarb.harvard.edu/webatlas/mainframe.php?order=s
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Factsheets on all the tree and shrub species of Panama, giving identification guide, brief guide to the species and some uses. A vast, but rather incomplete work as of 15/07/09.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for its timber, which is used locally. It is grown as an ornamental in parks and gardens, being valued especially for its bright red fruits[
333
Title
Tree Species of Panama
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ctfs.arnarb.harvard.edu/webatlas/mainframe.php?order=s
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Factsheets on all the tree and shrub species of Panama, giving identification guide, brief guide to the species and some uses. A vast, but rather incomplete work as of 15/07/09.
].

Known Hazards

The terminal branches are pubescent and hollow. They are inhabited by very aggressive ants of the genus Pseudomyrmex - these will descend in hordes and aggressively attack any creature on the trunk[
333
Title
Tree Species of Panama
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ctfs.arnarb.harvard.edu/webatlas/mainframe.php?order=s
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Factsheets on all the tree and shrub species of Panama, giving identification guide, brief guide to the species and some uses. A vast, but rather incomplete work as of 15/07/09.
].

Botanical References


Range

S. America - Brazil, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela; Central America - Panama.

Habitat

Dry, moist or wet forests at low elevations[
333
Title
Tree Species of Panama
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ctfs.arnarb.harvard.edu/webatlas/mainframe.php?order=s
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Factsheets on all the tree and shrub species of Panama, giving identification guide, brief guide to the species and some uses. A vast, but rather incomplete work as of 15/07/09.
].

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height20.00 m
Self-fertileNo
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

A plant of moist, lowland tropical areas.

Plants may begin to flower when as little as 11 metres tall with a bole 12cm in diameter[
315
Title
Flora of Barro Colorado Island
Publication
 
Author
Croat. Thomas B.
Website
http://biogeodb.stri.si.edu/bioinformatics/croat/home
Publisher
Stanford University Press
Year
1978
ISBN
0-8047-0950-5
Description
A very good flora of an area in Panama. Written some years ago, so some of the names have been changed. The book is out of print, but the whole flora is now available on the web.
].
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if seed is required.

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The wood is used in the construction of domestic buildings, for making boxes and fence posts[
333
Title
Tree Species of Panama
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ctfs.arnarb.harvard.edu/webatlas/mainframe.php?order=s
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Factsheets on all the tree and shrub species of Panama, giving identification guide, brief guide to the species and some uses. A vast, but rather incomplete work as of 15/07/09.
].
We have no more information on the wood from this species. However, we have a general description of the wood for this genus, which is as follows:-
The heartwood is a pale gray-brown to pinkish-brown; it is not demarcated from the sapwood. The texture is medium to moderately coarse; the grain straight or slightly interlocked; lustre is medium; there is no distinctive odour or taste. The wood is not very durable, being susceptible to attack by decay fungi and vulnerable to dry-wood termites. Drying is reported to vary from fairly slow to rapid, depending on species, with medium warping and checking. The wood machines well in all operations, but is rated only fair in turning. It is used for purposes such as furniture components, boxes and crates, interior construction, fiberboard and particleboard, joinery[
316
Title
Tropical Timbers of the World. Ag. Handbook No. 607.
Publication
 
Author
Chudnoff. Martin.
Publisher
USDA Forest Service. Wisconsin.
Year
1984
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details on the properties of the wood of almost 400 species of trees from the Tropics.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2020-01-29. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Triplaris+cumingiana>

Add a Comment:

If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.