Marquesia macroura Gilg
Monotes sapinii De Willd.
Trillesanthus macrourus is an evergreen tree with a rounded crown; it can grow from 12 - 25 metres tall. The bole is usually fluted, often twisted; it can be branchless for up to 10 metres, with buttresses[
The tree is harvested from the wild for its wood, which is used locally, especially as a source of good quality charcoal.
Tropical Africa - southeast DR Congo, western Tanzania, northern Zambia, northeast Angola.
Dry evergreen forest and woodland, in its eastern part of distribution often together with Brachystegia, at elevations up to 1,500 metres[
]. Locally very common, sometimes occurring in nearly pure stands[
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The plant is found on sandy, loamy as well as rocky soils[
The plant is not very tolerant to fire[
tree can be managed by pollarding, lopping and coppicing[
The roots have symbiosis with ectomycorrhizae[
Trillesanthus macrourus is a valuable source of nectar and pollen for honey bees[
The bark contains up to 10% tannin.
The brownish wood is heavy, hard and durable. The rates of shrinkage during drying are quite high. The wood is used for posts, poles and planks in house building, and for fences[
]. In Zambia the bark is used to make the end-plate of bee-hives
The wood is used for fuel and produces charcoal of excellent quality[
Seed - does not require pre-treatment[
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