Based on recent molecular phylogenetic data, the genus Gymnopetalum has recently been trasferred to the genus Trichosanthes - see De Boer, H. J. & M. Thulin. 2012. Synopsis of Trichosanthes (Cucurbitaceae) based on recent molecular phylogenetic data. PhytoKeys 12:29.
Bryonia cochinchinensis Lour.
Cucumis tubiflorus Roxb. ex Wight & Arn.
Euonymus chinensis Lour.
Gymnopetalum chinense (Lour.) Merr.
Gymnopetalum cochinchinense (Lour.) Kurz
Gymnopetalum heterophyllum Kurz
Gymnopetalum quinquelobatum Merr.
Gymnopetalum quinquelobum Miq.
Momordica spicata L. ex Sm.
Momordica surculata Noronha
Momordica tubiflora Roxb.
Scotanthus porteanus Naudin
Scotanthus tubiflorus Naudin
Trichosanthes fatoa Buch.-Ham.
Tripodanthera cochinchinensis (Lour.) M.Roem.
Trichosanthes costata is a perennial climbing plant with herbaceous stems up to 5 metres long. The stems scramble over the ground and grow into surrounding vegetation, attaching themselves by means of tendrils[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and medicine.
Eaten as a vegetable in Vietnam, the leave are used as a fish poison in Laos[
The fruits are said to be very poisonous, though are also recorded as being used as a condiment and sweetmeat[
E. Asia - China, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines
Waste land, along roads and in secondary forests, usually at low elevations[
]. Forests and thickets on mountain slopes; at elevations from 400 - 900 metres[
The unripe, deseeded fruits are candied or used as condiment[
]. The fruit is a red, ovoid to oblongoid berry, 50mm long and 23mm wide, containing numerous seeds[
The leaves are used as a vegetable[
Medicinally the leaves are used against rheumatism and tetanus, and to cure ophthalmia[
A decoction of the leaves is used to treat tetanus that has followed a miscarriage[
]. The decoction is also used as an antidote to poisoning from eating the fruit[
The juice squeezed from the leaves is dropped into the eyes as a treatment for ophthalmia[
If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.