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Useful Tropical Plants

Tetrapleura tetraptera

(Schumach.) Taub.

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Adenanthera tetraptera Schumach. & Thonn.

Tetrapleura thonningii Benth.

Common Name: Aidan Tree

Tetrapleura tetraptera
Ripe seedpod and leaves
Photograph by: G. Walters
Creative Commons License
Tetrapleura tetraptera Tetrapleura tetraptera Tetrapleura tetraptera Tetrapleura tetraptera

General Information

Aidan tree is a deciduous tree growing 20 - 25 metres tall. The bole, which can be 50 - 90cm in diameter, is slender and older trees have very small, low, sharp buttresses. In the forest, the crown is fairly small, thin and rounded, becoming flat when old, but it tends to spread when in the open[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
,
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for its edible fruit, medicinal applications and other commodities, all of which are used locally.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

Tropical Africa - Senegal to Sudan, Uganda and Kenya, south to Angola and Tanzania.

Habitat

Forest, especially secondary forest, growing best in the rainforest. It is found throughout the high forest zone, in riverine forest, in the southern savannah-woodland and in the forest outliers in the African plains[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitDeciduous Tree
Height20.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

A plant of the moist tropical lowlands, where it is found at elevations up to 600 metres[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures fall within the range 25 - 30°c, but can tolerate 20 - 35°c[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 1,700 - 3,000mm, tolerating 1,200 - 5,000mm[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].
Requires a sunny position[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. Grows best in a light to medium, well-drained soil[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. Prefers a pH in the range 4.5 - 6.5, tolerating 4 - 7[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].

Edible Uses

The fruit pulp is rich in sugars and may be used in flavouring food[
301
Title
Cornucopia II
Publication
 
Author
Facciola. S.
Publisher
Kampong Publications, California.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-9628087-2-5
Description
The second edition of an excellent guide to the edible uses of plants, though it does not give any details of cultivation etc.
,
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. The fruit is shiny, glabrous, dark purple-brown, usually slightly curved, 15 - 25cm long by about 5cm across, with 4 longitudinal, wing-like ridges nearly 3 cm broad[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. It is very persistent, hanging at the ends of branches on stout stalks 25cm long[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].

Medicinal

Leaves, bark, roots and the kernels are used for medicinal purposes[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].

The bark is used to treat gastric ulcer and dysentery[
618
Title
Manual for the Propagation and Cultivation of Medicinal Plants of Ghana.
Publication
 
Author
Amponsah K., Crensil O’R., Odamtten G.T., Ofusohene-Djan W
Publisher
Aburi Botanic Garden; Ghana.
Year
2002
ISBN
 
Description
A nice, concise guide, it details some of the medicinal uses of plants from Ghana. Available as a PDF file on the Internet.
].

The fruit is used to treat malaria[
618
Title
Manual for the Propagation and Cultivation of Medicinal Plants of Ghana.
Publication
 
Author
Amponsah K., Crensil O’R., Odamtten G.T., Ofusohene-Djan W
Publisher
Aburi Botanic Garden; Ghana.
Year
2002
ISBN
 
Description
A nice, concise guide, it details some of the medicinal uses of plants from Ghana. Available as a PDF file on the Internet.
].

Other Uses

Tannin is obtainable from the fruit pulp[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
,
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].

The fruits and flowers are used as perfumes and in pomades prepared from palm oil[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].

The heartwood is reddish to brown; the sapwood is white, The wood is fairly hard and heavy[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
,
364
Title
Field Guide to the Moist Forest Trees of Tanzania.
Publication
 
Author
Lovett J.C.; Ruffo C.K.; Gereau R.E.; Taplin J.R.D
Website
http://www.york.ac.uk/res/celp/webpages/projects/ecology/tree%20guide/introduction.htm
Publisher
Frontier
Year
0
ISBN
1-873070-33-0
Description
A lovely little book giving a basic identification guide to more than 650 species of trees growing in Tanzania. It is also available to view on the internet.
,
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. It is used for building poles, pestles, tool handles and carvings[
364
Title
Field Guide to the Moist Forest Trees of Tanzania.
Publication
 
Author
Lovett J.C.; Ruffo C.K.; Gereau R.E.; Taplin J.R.D
Website
http://www.york.ac.uk/res/celp/webpages/projects/ecology/tree%20guide/introduction.htm
Publisher
Frontier
Year
0
ISBN
1-873070-33-0
Description
A lovely little book giving a basic identification guide to more than 650 species of trees growing in Tanzania. It is also available to view on the internet.
].
The wood is used for fuel[
364
Title
Field Guide to the Moist Forest Trees of Tanzania.
Publication
 
Author
Lovett J.C.; Ruffo C.K.; Gereau R.E.; Taplin J.R.D
Website
http://www.york.ac.uk/res/celp/webpages/projects/ecology/tree%20guide/introduction.htm
Publisher
Frontier
Year
0
ISBN
1-873070-33-0
Description
A lovely little book giving a basic identification guide to more than 650 species of trees growing in Tanzania. It is also available to view on the internet.
].

Propagation

Seed - sown in a nursery seedbed or individual containers, they usually take about 6 days to germinate[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
]. Pot them up into individual containers when they are about five weeks old. They can then be planted out about 3 weeks later[
618
Title
Manual for the Propagation and Cultivation of Medicinal Plants of Ghana.
Publication
 
Author
Amponsah K., Crensil O’R., Odamtten G.T., Ofusohene-Djan W
Publisher
Aburi Botanic Garden; Ghana.
Year
2002
ISBN
 
Description
A nice, concise guide, it details some of the medicinal uses of plants from Ghana. Available as a PDF file on the Internet.
]..
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2018-08-20. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Tetrapleura+tetraptera>

Comments

dominic 12th January 2016 7:03
any more use of the aidan fruit? how does it help with controlling blood pressure

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