Amyris altissima (Aubl.) Willd.
Bursera altissima (Aubl.) Baill.
Icica altissima Aubl.
Icica cuspidata Kunth
Protium altissimum (Aubl.) Marchand
Tetragastris phanerosepala Sandwith
Tingulonga altissima (Aubl.) Kuntze
Tetragastris altissima is an evergreen tree; it can grow 15 - 30 metres tall. The straight bole can be unbranched for most of its height and 50 - 60cm in diameter[
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of wood.
S. America - Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Venezuela, the Guyanas.
Lowland rainforests, at elevations below 500 metres[
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A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[
We have no specific information for this plant, but the fruits of Tetragastris species are generally red, opening at maturity to expose a stone with an edibe, sweet white covering that attracts animals like pacas, peccaries and tortoises, which disperse some seeds throughout the forest. Forest people snack on the white pulp when the stones fall[
An emulsion of the fresh aromatic resin, in water, is used to treat bronchitis and lung infections[
The bark and the wood are recommended in the treatment of intermittent fevers and urinary diseases[
An aromatic resin is obtained from the bark. It is used medicinally[
The heartwood is light brown to orangey-yellow, sometimes with frequent small, black, resinous spots; it is clearly demarcated from the 4 - 6cm wide band of orange-yellow sapwood. Texture is fine; the grain interlocked; lustre is medium; taste and odour indistinct. The wood is heavy, hard, of moderate elasticity, moderately durable, with resistance to attacks by fungi, dry wood borers and termites. The drying rate is normal to slow with a high risk of distortion or checking; once dry it is poorly stable in service. Sawing and machining are nore or less easy, but with a fairly high blunting effect - stellite-tipped sawteeth are recommended. Nailing and screwing are good, though pre-boring is necessary to avoid splitting; gluing is correct. The wood is used for industrial or heavy flooring, interior stairs, joinery, heavy carpentry, bridges etc[
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