Myrobalanus edulis Kuntze
Terminalia edulis F.Muell.
Terminalia latipes psilocarpa Pedley
Common Name: Billy Goat Plum
Billy Goat Plum is a slender, spreading, deciduous shrub or small tree growing up to 14 metres tall[
The edible fruit is harvested from the wild for local use. The fruit has one of the highest known contents of vitamin C and has come to be in great demand from food processing and pharmaceutical companies[
Australia - Northern Australia, Queensland, Western Australia.
Sandplains behind beaches, dry creek beds, flood plains, cliff tops, ridges, coastal vine thickets, mangrove edges in Western Australia[
Succeeds in any moderately fertile, well-drained soil in a sunny position[
]. Found in the wild on red sands, sandy clay, black peat, sandstone, ironstone and granite soils[
The fruit of this species could contain the highest concentration of vitamin C to be found in any fruit in the world[
]. It is being researched for its commercial potential[
Fruit - raw or cooked[
]. Eaten fresh, it can have a drying effect in the mouth[
]. Used in making preserves, jams etc[
]. About 3cm long, it has a slightly bitter-tasting flesh[
]. The fruit looks and tastes like a gooseberry[
]. It is one of the world's richest natural sources of ascorbic acid with some forms containing up to 3,150mg of ascorbic acid per 100g of fruit[
]. When ripe, the fruit is soft and has a yellow-green colour - to harvest you merely shake the trunk of the tree and the ripe fruits fall to the ground[
The pounded fruit is used as an antiseptic and as a soothing balm for aching limbs[
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