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Useful Tropical Plants

Terminalia citrina

(Gaertn.) Roxb. ex Fleming

Combretaceae

+ Synonyms

Bucida comintana Blanco

Embryogonia arborea Teijsm. & Binn.

Myrobalanus citrina Gaertn.

Terminalia arborea (Teijsm. & Binn.) Koord. & Valeton

Terminalia comintana (Blanco) Merr.

Terminalia manii King

Terminalia multiflora Merr.

Common Name:

Terminalia citrina
Drawing of the leaves and flowers (Fig A only)
Photograph by: Kirtikar, K.R., Basu, B.D., Indian medicinal plants, Plates, vol. 3: t. 412, fig. A (1918)
Creative Commons License

General Information

Terminalia citrina is an evergreen tree that can grow 20 - 30 metres tall. The straight, cylindrical bole can be 100cm in diameter[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of tannins and wood. The wood is also traded.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet

Range

E. Asia - Bhutan, northeast India, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines.

Habitat

Forests at low and medium elevations, often along the seashore. Often planted when found inland[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height25.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



The fruits are similar to and often mistaken for the commercial myrobalans (Terminalia chebula)[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The fruit contains tannins and is astringent. It is used in the treatment of thrush and obstinate diarrhoea[
345
Title
Minor Products of Philippine Forests
Publication
 
Author
Brown. W. H.
Publisher
Bureau of Forestry, Manilla.
Year
1920
ISBN
 
Description
A useful guide to some of the plants of the area, though terse on details. The book is out of copyright and can be legally downloaded from the Internet.
,
582
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Philippines
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.bpi.da.gov.ph/Publications/mp/mplants.html
Publisher
Bureau of Plant Industry, Philippines.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An Internet site from the Philippines Department of Agriculture, giving information in a readable way on the medicinal uses of many plants in their area.
].

Other Uses

Tannin is extracted from the fruits[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].

The bark gives a blue dye[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].

The heartwood is irregular in outline, grayish or brownish with dark purplish brown streaks; it is not clearly demarcated from the 5 - 10cm wide band of sapwood that is yellowish white when fresh, turning to pale grayish brown. The texture is fine and smooth; the grain straight. The wood is hard; heavy; somewhat durable, even the sapwood is not attacked by beetles. It seasons well and works very smoothly. It is used for posts above stumps; beams, joists, rafters; floors; sheathing; ceiling;boats, masts, furniture and cabinetwork[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
,
721
Title
Commercial Woods of the Philippines; Their Preparation and Uses
Publication
Philippines Bureau of Forestry Bulletin No. 14
Author
Schneider E.E.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Bureau of Forestry; Manilla.
Year
1916
ISBN
 
Description
A series of booklets dealing with various aspects of the Philippine forests. This volume looks at the preparation and uses of the commercial woods of the Philippines. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. In Indo-China beautiful furniture is said to be made from it[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-10-15. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Terminalia+citrina>

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