Cracca lupinifolia (DC.) Kuntze
Galega lupinifolia Burch.
Lupinophyllum lupinifolium (DC.) Hutch.
Tephrosia digitata DC.
Tephrosia laevigata Welw. ex Baker
Tephrosia lupinifolia is a usually pennenial, herbaceous plant producing stems from 30 - 120cm long from a tuberous rootstock. The stems either scramble over the ground or twine into the surrounding vegetation for support[
The plant is sometimes gathered from the wild for local use as a medicine and dyestuff. The plant can be used to stabilize sandy soils.
Africa - widespread in drier areas from Senegal to Sudan, south to S. Africa.
Grassy shortly-bushy hills; open sandy places; drier sea-sands; often in cultivations; 0-1900 metres[
]. Sandy places, often on sand dunes[
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Requires a sunny position[
]. Found in the wild on poor, sandy soils[
The plant has a deep penetrating tap-root[
In addition to the normal flowers produced above ground, the plant also sometimes produces shorter axillary pseudoracemes near the base of the stem - these push underground in sandy soil and bear small pale cleistogamous flowers and short 1 - 2-seeded pods[
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria; these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
The roots are used in the treatment of malaria-like illnesses and severe headaches. A traditional healer or a family member chews the roots and then, keeping the root in the mouth, sprays salive on the head of the affected person. As an additional measure, the salive is also rubbed onto the head and breast of the affected person[
A deep-rooted plant that fixes atmospheric nitrogen; it can be used to conserve and improve sandy soils, including sand dunes[
The plant (part not specified) is said to yield a blue dye[
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