Conopharyngia rutshuruensis De Wild.
Conopharyngia usambarensis (K.Schum. ex Engl.) Stapf
Conopharyngia ventricosa (Hochst. ex A.DC.) Stapf
Domkeocarpa pendula Markgr.
Sarcopharyngia ventricosa (Hochst. ex A.DC.) Boiteau
Tabernaemontana usambarensis K.Schum. ex Engl.
Close-up of the flower
Photograph by: Tatters ?
Tabernaemontana ventricosa is an evergreen shrub or small tree that can grow 3 - 15 metres tall, The bole can be 5 - 30cm in diameter with a bark that is often corky[
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of wood and latex. It would make an attractive garden tree with its sweet-smelling flowers and unusual fruits[
Africa - Nigeria, Cameroon, eastern DR Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Burundi, Tanzania, Mozambique, Malawi, Zimbabwe, S. Africa.
Open or secondary forest, gallery forest and thickets in woodland, at elevations from sea-level to 1,850 metres[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
It is frost sensitive,
The plant gros best in a shady position[
]. It requires a moderate amount of water, and is suitable for planting in swampy areas where other species fail to survive[
A relatively fast-growing tree[
The fruits are edible[
The latex is applied to wounds and sore eyes to promote healing[
]. The latex is said to promote rapid healing of wounds, even old wounds[
A bark decoction is taken to reduce fever[
The seeds, bark and roots are used as medicine for nervous problems and high blood pressure[
The major indole alkaloids extracted from the stem bark of Tabernaemontana ventricosa plants cultivated in a greenhouse were 10-hydroxyheyneanine (ibogan class) and akuammicine (strychnan class). Minor amounts of apparicine, tubotaiwine (aspidospermatan class), norfluorocurarine, akuammicine N4-oxide (strychnan class), 16-epi-isositsirikine (corynanthean class) and 10-hydroxycoronaridine (ibogan class) were also detected[
Akuammicine showed opioid activity in opiate receptor studies. Bark extracts of Tabernaemontana ventricosa do not show antibacterial, antifungal and antimalarial activities in vitro[
A leaf extract showed significant anti-amoebic activity[
A latex is obtained from the tree[
]. It contains 12 - 20% rubber and 34 - 50% resin[
The soft whitish wood is used for making stools, beds and knife sheaths and in construction[
]. The wood is yellow and very hard[
Seed - easy[
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