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Useful Tropical Plants

Syzygium jambos

(L.) Alston

Myrtaceae

+ Synonyms

Caryophyllus jambos Stokes.

Eugenia jambos L.

Jambosa jambos Millsp.

Jambosa vulgaris DC.

Common Name: Jambos

Syzygium jambos
Fruits
Photograph by: barloventomagico
Creative Commons License
Syzygium jambos Syzygium jambos Syzygium jambos Syzygium jambos Syzygium jambos Syzygium jambos Syzygium jambos

General Information

Jambos is an evergreen tree with a regular shaped, dense crown of wide-spreading branches, it can grow 6 - 10 metres tall[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
,
307
Title
Tropical and Subtropical Trees - A Worldwide Encyclopaedic Guide.
Publication
 
Author
Barwick. M.
Publisher
Thames & Hudson, London
Year
2004
ISBN
0-500-51181-0
Description
A superb book, very concise and well written, giving a wealth of information on 400 or more species including descriptions, habitat, cultivation details and plant uses. A wealth of colour photographs bring each plant vividly to life.
,
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. The bole can be 50cm in diameter, often branching from low down[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].
A multipurpose tree that has been cultivated for around 2,500 years. It provides food, medicines and a range of commodities for the local population. An attractive tree with showy cream-coloured flowers and dark-green foliage, it is often grown as an ornamental and hedge plant in tropical gardens[
307
Title
Tropical and Subtropical Trees - A Worldwide Encyclopaedic Guide.
Publication
 
Author
Barwick. M.
Publisher
Thames & Hudson, London
Year
2004
ISBN
0-500-51181-0
Description
A superb book, very concise and well written, giving a wealth of information on 400 or more species including descriptions, habitat, cultivation details and plant uses. A wealth of colour photographs bring each plant vividly to life.
,
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
,
790
Title
Syzygium jambos (L.) Alst. Rose apple. Myrtaceae. Myrtle family .
Publication
USDA Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station, Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 4 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 26).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30405
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1990
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Syzygium jambos. It can be downloaded from the internet.
]. It is also sometimes cultivated for its edible fruit[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
,
306
Title
Under-Utilized Tropical Fruits of Thailand. RAP Publication 2001/26
Publication
 
Author
Suranant Subhadrabandhu
Publisher
F. A. O., The United Nations, Bangkok.
Year
2001
ISBN
 
Description
A detailed report on 35 fruit species that could have potential for increased production in Thailand.
].

Known Hazards

The seeds are said to be poisonous[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].
An unknown amount of hydrocyanic acid has been reported in the roots, stems and leaves[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].
An alkaloid, jambosine, has been found in the bark of the tree and of the roots, and the roots are considered poisonous[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].

Botanical References

200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.

Range

E. Asia - Malaysia.

Habitat

Open places, generally around villages, at elevations of 600 - 1,400 metres in Nepal[
272
Title
Plants and People of Nepal
Publication
 
Author
Manandhar. N. P.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
2002
ISBN
0-88192-527-6
Description
Excellent book, covering over 1,500 species of useful plants from Nepal together with information on the geography and peoples of Nepal. Good descriptions of the plants with terse notes on their uses.
]. Most commonly found in moister habitats such as stream banks, becoming more frequent at higher elevations as rainfall levels rise[
790
Title
Syzygium jambos (L.) Alst. Rose apple. Myrtaceae. Myrtle family .
Publication
USDA Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station, Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 4 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 26).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30405
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1990
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Syzygium jambos. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
Edibility Rating *  *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height8.00 m
Growth RateMedium
PollinatorsBees, Insects, Self
Self-fertileYes
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Ornamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

Flourishes in tropical and near-tropical climates only, usually below elevations of 1,200 metres but up to 2,300 metres in Ecuador[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
]. It succeeds in dry areas, but fruits best in more humid regions[
307
Title
Tropical and Subtropical Trees - A Worldwide Encyclopaedic Guide.
Publication
 
Author
Barwick. M.
Publisher
Thames & Hudson, London
Year
2004
ISBN
0-500-51181-0
Description
A superb book, very concise and well written, giving a wealth of information on 400 or more species including descriptions, habitat, cultivation details and plant uses. A wealth of colour photographs bring each plant vividly to life.
]. At its climatic limits, as in California, the tree grows vigorously but will not bear fruit[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
]. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 18 - 38°c, but can tolerate 5 - 40°c[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. The mature plant can tolerate occasional temperatures down to about -3°c[
377
Title
Trade Winds Fruit
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tradewindsfruit.com/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
The on-line catalogue of a company selling seeds. Gives descriptions, photos and uses of a very wide range of fruit and other food-producing plants plus ornamentals.
]. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 1,200 - 1,600mm, but tolerates 700 - 4,000mm[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. It dislikes dry seasons unless growing in soils with adequate moisture levels[
790
Title
Syzygium jambos (L.) Alst. Rose apple. Myrtaceae. Myrtle family .
Publication
USDA Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station, Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 4 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 26).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30405
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1990
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Syzygium jambos. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].
Succeeds in any reasonable soil in full sun or part day shade[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Young plants require some shade and a moist environment[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. Tolerates poor, sandy and alkaline soils[
307
Title
Tropical and Subtropical Trees - A Worldwide Encyclopaedic Guide.
Publication
 
Author
Barwick. M.
Publisher
Thames & Hudson, London
Year
2004
ISBN
0-500-51181-0
Description
A superb book, very concise and well written, giving a wealth of information on 400 or more species including descriptions, habitat, cultivation details and plant uses. A wealth of colour photographs bring each plant vividly to life.
], but grows slowly and reproduces poorly[
790
Title
Syzygium jambos (L.) Alst. Rose apple. Myrtaceae. Myrtle family .
Publication
USDA Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station, Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 4 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 26).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30405
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1990
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Syzygium jambos. It can be downloaded from the internet.
]. Often found in poorly drained soils[
790
Title
Syzygium jambos (L.) Alst. Rose apple. Myrtaceae. Myrtle family .
Publication
USDA Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station, Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 4 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 26).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30405
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1990
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Syzygium jambos. It can be downloaded from the internet.
]. Prefers a pH in the range 5.5 - 7, tolerating 5 - 8[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. The tree is said to tolerate wind and salt[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
The trees have naturalized themselves thoroughly in the wetter parts of Guatemala[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
].
Natural regenerarion from seed on suitable sites is generally abundant and will proceed under almost any condition[
790
Title
Syzygium jambos (L.) Alst. Rose apple. Myrtaceae. Myrtle family .
Publication
USDA Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station, Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 4 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 26).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30405
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1990
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Syzygium jambos. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].
Young plants have a slow rate of growth, speeding up as they grow older[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
,
307
Title
Tropical and Subtropical Trees - A Worldwide Encyclopaedic Guide.
Publication
 
Author
Barwick. M.
Publisher
Thames & Hudson, London
Year
2004
ISBN
0-500-51181-0
Description
A superb book, very concise and well written, giving a wealth of information on 400 or more species including descriptions, habitat, cultivation details and plant uses. A wealth of colour photographs bring each plant vividly to life.
,
790
Title
Syzygium jambos (L.) Alst. Rose apple. Myrtaceae. Myrtle family .
Publication
USDA Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station, Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 4 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 26).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30405
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1990
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Syzygium jambos. It can be downloaded from the internet.
]. Two year old plants are around 80cm tall, up to 3 metres by the age of 7 and to 4.5 metres at the age of 10 years[
790
Title
Syzygium jambos (L.) Alst. Rose apple. Myrtaceae. Myrtle family .
Publication
USDA Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station, Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 4 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 26).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30405
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1990
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Syzygium jambos. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].
Trees coppice very vigorously[
790
Title
Syzygium jambos (L.) Alst. Rose apple. Myrtaceae. Myrtle family .
Publication
USDA Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station, Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 4 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 26).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30405
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1990
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Syzygium jambos. It can be downloaded from the internet.
]. A plant can produce dense stands of sprouts up to 3.6 metres tall just 12 months after being cut back to ground level[
790
Title
Syzygium jambos (L.) Alst. Rose apple. Myrtaceae. Myrtle family .
Publication
USDA Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station, Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 4 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 26).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30405
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1990
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Syzygium jambos. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].
Fruiting can be expected within 4 years, especially from layered plants[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
,
790
Title
Syzygium jambos (L.) Alst. Rose apple. Myrtaceae. Myrtle family .
Publication
USDA Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station, Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 4 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 26).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30405
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1990
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Syzygium jambos. It can be downloaded from the internet.
]. In some areas it blooms and fruits sporadically nearly all the year round, whilst in other areas it has a clear fruiting season[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].
Trees in the open usually fruit abundantly, but fruiting reduces as the shade increases[
790
Title
Syzygium jambos (L.) Alst. Rose apple. Myrtaceae. Myrtle family .
Publication
USDA Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station, Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 4 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 26).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30405
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1990
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Syzygium jambos. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].
In India, a mature rose apple tree is said to yield 2 kg of fruit each season. The fruits are, of course, very light in weight because they are hollow, but this is a very small return for a tree that occupies so much space[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].
Trees coppice very vigorously[
790
Title
Syzygium jambos (L.) Alst. Rose apple. Myrtaceae. Myrtle family .
Publication
USDA Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station, Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 4 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 26).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30405
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1990
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Syzygium jambos. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].

Edible Uses

Fruit - usually eaten raw, the fruit can also be stewed, made into jams, jellies, confections etc[
296
Title
Tropical Food Gardens
Publication
 
Author
Norrington. L.
Publisher
Bloomings Books (Melbourne)
Year
2001
ISBN
1-876473-41-x
Description
Excellent little book giving some basic information on a range of plants.
,
301
Title
Cornucopia II
Publication
 
Author
Facciola. S.
Publisher
Kampong Publications, California.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-9628087-2-5
Description
The second edition of an excellent guide to the edible uses of plants, though it does not give any details of cultivation etc.
]. A sweet flavour with a crisp and crunchy texture, the fruit is somewhat to very juicy and has a delicate, rose-water fragrance[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
,
296
Title
Tropical Food Gardens
Publication
 
Author
Norrington. L.
Publisher
Bloomings Books (Melbourne)
Year
2001
ISBN
1-876473-41-x
Description
Excellent little book giving some basic information on a range of plants.
,
301
Title
Cornucopia II
Publication
 
Author
Facciola. S.
Publisher
Kampong Publications, California.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-9628087-2-5
Description
The second edition of an excellent guide to the edible uses of plants, though it does not give any details of cultivation etc.
]. When cooked with custards or puddings, they impart a rose-like flavour[
301
Title
Cornucopia II
Publication
 
Author
Facciola. S.
Publisher
Kampong Publications, California.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-9628087-2-5
Description
The second edition of an excellent guide to the edible uses of plants, though it does not give any details of cultivation etc.
]. The large, hollow seed cavity is sometimes utilized to stuff the fruits and bake them [
377
Title
Trade Winds Fruit
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tradewindsfruit.com/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
The on-line catalogue of a company selling seeds. Gives descriptions, photos and uses of a very wide range of fruit and other food-producing plants plus ornamentals.
].The fruit has to be handled very carefully after harvesting because it bruises easily and then loses its crispness[
306
Title
Under-Utilized Tropical Fruits of Thailand. RAP Publication 2001/26
Publication
 
Author
Suranant Subhadrabandhu
Publisher
F. A. O., The United Nations, Bangkok.
Year
2001
ISBN
 
Description
A detailed report on 35 fruit species that could have potential for increased production in Thailand.
]. The fruit is up to 4cm x 6cm[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Around the tropical world, the fruit is mostly eaten out-of-hand by children. It is seldom marketed. In the home, it is sometimes stewed with some sugar and served as dessert[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].
The fruit can be distilled to yield a rosewater that is said to be equal to the best obtained from rose petals[
701
Title
Asean Tropical Plant Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://211.114.21.20/tropicalplant/index.jsp
Publisher
 
Year
 
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details, with photos, of many of the plants growing in the tropical forests of southeast Asia. Gives some details of plant uses along with a description of the plant and its range.
].

Flowers - candied[
301
Title
Cornucopia II
Publication
 
Author
Facciola. S.
Publisher
Kampong Publications, California.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-9628087-2-5
Description
The second edition of an excellent guide to the edible uses of plants, though it does not give any details of cultivation etc.
].

Medicinal

Several parts of the tree are used medicinally as a tonic or a diuretic[
306
Title
Under-Utilized Tropical Fruits of Thailand. RAP Publication 2001/26
Publication
 
Author
Suranant Subhadrabandhu
Publisher
F. A. O., The United Nations, Bangkok.
Year
2001
ISBN
 
Description
A detailed report on 35 fruit species that could have potential for increased production in Thailand.
].

In India, the fruit is regarded as a tonic for the brain and liver. An infusion of the fruit acts as a diuretic[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].

A sweetened preparation of the flowers is believed to reduce fever[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
]..

The seeds are employed against diarrhoea, dysentery and catarrh[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
]. In Nicaragua, it has been claimed that an infusion of roasted, powdered seeds is beneficial to diabetics. They say in Colombia that the seeds have an anaesthetic property[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].

The leaf decoction is applied to sore eyes, also serves as a diuretic and expectorant and treatment for rheumatism[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
]. The juice of macerated leaves is taken as a febrifuge[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
]. Powdered leaves have been rubbed on the bodies of smallpox patients for the cooling effect[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].

The bark contains 7-12.4% tannin. It is astringent, emetic and cathartic[
272
Title
Plants and People of Nepal
Publication
 
Author
Manandhar. N. P.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
2002
ISBN
0-88192-527-6
Description
Excellent book, covering over 1,500 species of useful plants from Nepal together with information on the geography and peoples of Nepal. Good descriptions of the plants with terse notes on their uses.
,
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
]. The decoction is administered to relieve asthma, bronchitis and hoarseness[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].

Cuban people believe that the root is an effective remedy for epilepsy[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].

Agroforestry Uses:

If the young plants are pruned severely, they become very dense and form an effective if not particularly handsome
wind-break hedge[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
,
790
Title
Syzygium jambos (L.) Alst. Rose apple. Myrtaceae. Myrtle family .
Publication
USDA Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station, Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 4 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 26).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30405
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1990
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Syzygium jambos. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].
Plants develop massive root systems and can be useful for stabilizing soils on river banks[
790
Title
Syzygium jambos (L.) Alst. Rose apple. Myrtaceae. Myrtle family .
Publication
USDA Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station, Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 4 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 26).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30405
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1990
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Syzygium jambos. It can be downloaded from the internet.
]. However, the dense top growth can stop any plant growth underneath, and this has sometimes led to sheet erosion unless the crown is thinned[
790
Title
Syzygium jambos (L.) Alst. Rose apple. Myrtaceae. Myrtle family .
Publication
USDA Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station, Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 4 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 26).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30405
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1990
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Syzygium jambos. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].
Bees produce a heavy, consistent flow of amber honey from the flowers[
790
Title
Syzygium jambos (L.) Alst. Rose apple. Myrtaceae. Myrtle family .
Publication
USDA Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station, Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 4 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 26).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30405
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1990
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Syzygium jambos. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].

Other Uses

A yellow coloured essential oil, important in the perfume industry, is derived from the leaves by distillation[
306
Title
Under-Utilized Tropical Fruits of Thailand. RAP Publication 2001/26
Publication
 
Author
Suranant Subhadrabandhu
Publisher
F. A. O., The United Nations, Bangkok.
Year
2001
ISBN
 
Description
A detailed report on 35 fruit species that could have potential for increased production in Thailand.
]. It contains, among other properties, 26.84% dl-a-pinene and 23.84% l-limonene, and can be resorted to as a source of these elements for use in the perfume industry[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].

The bark contains 7% tannin on a dry weight basis and is used by local villagers for tanning and dyeing purposes[
306
Title
Under-Utilized Tropical Fruits of Thailand. RAP Publication 2001/26
Publication
 
Author
Suranant Subhadrabandhu
Publisher
F. A. O., The United Nations, Bangkok.
Year
2001
ISBN
 
Description
A detailed report on 35 fruit species that could have potential for increased production in Thailand.
].
The bark also yields a brown dye[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].

The flexible branches split easily. They are valued for making wattle, hoops for large sugar casks, and also are valued for weaving large baskets[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
,
790
Title
Syzygium jambos (L.) Alst. Rose apple. Myrtaceae. Myrtle family .
Publication
USDA Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station, Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 4 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 26).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30405
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1990
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Syzygium jambos. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].

The heartwood is dark-red or brown; the sapwood is white. The wood is straight and close-grained, medium-heavy to heavy, strong. It is not durable in the ground and is prone to attack by dry wood termites[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
,
306
Title
Under-Utilized Tropical Fruits of Thailand. RAP Publication 2001/26
Publication
 
Author
Suranant Subhadrabandhu
Publisher
F. A. O., The United Nations, Bangkok.
Year
2001
ISBN
 
Description
A detailed report on 35 fruit species that could have potential for increased production in Thailand.
]. It is usually too small for many purposes, but is commonly used for fenceposts, plant stakes etc, and larger pieces can be used to make furniture, spokes for wheels, arms for easy chairs, knees for all kinds of boats, beams for construction, frames for musical instruments (violins, guitars, etc.), and packing cases. It is also popular for general turnery[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
,
790
Title
Syzygium jambos (L.) Alst. Rose apple. Myrtaceae. Myrtle family .
Publication
USDA Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station, Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 4 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 26).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30405
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1990
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Syzygium jambos. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].
The wood makes an excellent fuel and charcoal[303,790].

Propagation

Seed - the seeds have a very short viability and no dormancy; they usually germinate well within 10 - 120 days if sown fresh[
306
Title
Under-Utilized Tropical Fruits of Thailand. RAP Publication 2001/26
Publication
 
Author
Suranant Subhadrabandhu
Publisher
F. A. O., The United Nations, Bangkok.
Year
2001
ISBN
 
Description
A detailed report on 35 fruit species that could have potential for increased production in Thailand.
,
377
Title
Trade Winds Fruit
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tradewindsfruit.com/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
The on-line catalogue of a company selling seeds. Gives descriptions, photos and uses of a very wide range of fruit and other food-producing plants plus ornamentals.
,
790
Title
Syzygium jambos (L.) Alst. Rose apple. Myrtaceae. Myrtle family .
Publication
USDA Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station, Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 4 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 26).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30405
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1990
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Syzygium jambos. It can be downloaded from the internet.
]. Surface sow the seed in a shady position, firming it gently into the soil, and water well but be careful not to wash the seed away[
790
Title
Syzygium jambos (L.) Alst. Rose apple. Myrtaceae. Myrtle family .
Publication
USDA Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station, Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 4 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 26).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30405
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1990
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Syzygium jambos. It can be downloaded from the internet.
]. A single seed often gives rise to 3 - 8 seedlings and most of them are true to type[
306
Title
Under-Utilized Tropical Fruits of Thailand. RAP Publication 2001/26
Publication
 
Author
Suranant Subhadrabandhu
Publisher
F. A. O., The United Nations, Bangkok.
Year
2001
ISBN
 
Description
A detailed report on 35 fruit species that could have potential for increased production in Thailand.
]. Young plants transplant badly, so should be potted up into individual containers as soon as they are large enough to handle and before the roots have grown much[
790
Title
Syzygium jambos (L.) Alst. Rose apple. Myrtaceae. Myrtle family .
Publication
USDA Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station, Institute of Tropical Forestry; . 4 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 26).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30405
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1990
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Syzygium jambos. It can be downloaded from the internet.
]. Young plants need some shade[
306
Title
Under-Utilized Tropical Fruits of Thailand. RAP Publication 2001/26
Publication
 
Author
Suranant Subhadrabandhu
Publisher
F. A. O., The United Nations, Bangkok.
Year
2001
ISBN
 
Description
A detailed report on 35 fruit species that could have potential for increased production in Thailand.
].
Air layering.

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