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Useful Tropical Plants

Strophanthus sarmentosus

DC.

Apocynaceae

+ Synonyms

Common Name:

Strophanthus sarmentosus
A climbing plant, growing into the surrounding vegetation. The leaves and flowers are easy to make out, but there are also a few seed capsules if you look carefully
Photograph by: Ehoarn Bidault
Creative Commons License
Strophanthus sarmentosus Strophanthus sarmentosus Strophanthus sarmentosus Strophanthus sarmentosus

General Information

Strophanthus sarmentosus is a deciduous plant that sometimes grows as a shrub with long trailing stems but is more commonly a vigorous climbing plant producing stems up to 40 metres long that twine into the surrounding trees for support[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
]. The stems are up to 15cm in diameter[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
The plant is gathered from the wild for local medicinal use and as a source of fibre and weaving material. It is also cultivated in China as a medicinal plant[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
]. The plant is highly valued for its beautiful flowers and is sometimes grown as an ornamental. However, it is quite difficult to propagate and so is not often found in cultivation[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Known Hazards

The seed is used to make arrow poison, especially in the drier parts of Africa where the species more commonly used (Strophanthus hispidus) is scarce or absent[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Botanical References

266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.

Range

Tropical Africa - Senegal to Uganda, south to Angola and DR Congo.

Habitat

Rain forest, gallery forest and thickets, at elevations from sea-level up to 1,400 metres[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitDeciduous Climber
Height25.00 m
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Ornamental, Wild

Cultivation Details



The plant produces stolons[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The plant is often used in traditional medicine throughout West Africa.
In the early 1950's the fruits, generally mixed with those of other Strophanthus spp., were collected and exported on a large scale from West Africa as raw material for the production of cortisone. Since then, easier methods of making this compound have been found, and collection stopped as quickly as it had started[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

A root decoction is taken to treat gonorrhoea and leprosy[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
]. A macerate of pounded roots is taken on an empty stomach to treat painful joints and hernia[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
]. The powdered roots, cooked together with the grains of Digitaria exilis, are taken to treat flatulence with constipation, without causing painful purging[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

The crushed seeds are applied to the head to kill lice, and to the skin to treat scabies[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

A leaf decoction is used as an eye drop to treat conjunctivitis and trachoma. A decoction of the twigs is taken to treat rheumatoid arthritis, while the leaf sap is drunk and the bark macerate used as an enema to treat venereal diseases. They are considered diuretic and soothing. A leaf decoction is taken as emetic and to treat diarrhoea, whereas a root decoction is taken as vermifuge or to restore strength[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
A leaf decoction mixed with other plants is taken as a remedy against snakebites. In Congo the stems and leaves are used to make steam baths and infusions against rheumatism[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

The latex is applied to wounds and sores as a cicatrizant[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Other Uses

The bark is used to make ropes, hats and mats[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

The stems are used to make bows[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2020-02-28. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Strophanthus+sarmentosus>

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