Bignonia chelonoides L.f.
Bignonia gratissima K.D.Koenig ex DC.
Bignonia suaveolens Roxb.
Heterophragma chelonoides (L.f.) Dalzell & A.Gibson
Heterophragma suaveolens (Roxb.) Dalzell & A.Gibson
Hieranthes fragrans Raf.
Spathodea suaveolens (Roxb.) Benth. & Hook.f.
Stereospermum suaveolens (Roxb.) DC.
Tecoma suaveolens (Roxb.) G.Don
Common Name: Fragrant Padri-Tree
Fragrant padri-tree is a large, deciduous tree growing 15 - 30 metres or more tall[
]. The bole can be free of branches for up to 15 metres and up to 80cm in diameter[
An important timber tree within its native range. The plant is also gathered from the wild for local use as a food and medicine. It is often grown as an ornamental, valued for its fragrant flowers[
E. Asia - India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia.
Forest margins at elevations up to 700 metres in Nepal[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
A plant of the moist subtropics and tropics, where it is found at elevations up to 1,300 metres. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 24 - 32°c, but can tolerate 5 - 47°c[
]. When dormant, the plant can survive temperatures down to about -5°c, but young growth can be severely damaged at -1°c[
]. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 1,200 - 2,500mm, but tolerates 750 - 3,800mm[
Grows best in a sunny position, tolerating light shade[
]. Succeeds in a wide range of well-drained soils[
]. Prefers a pH in the range 6 - 7, tolerating 5.5 - 7.5[
The tree sometimes suckers very freely[
Trees can survive forest fires[
]. It is one of the commonest trees to be seen in the savannah lands of India, apparently able to shoot up yearly in spite of fire, and to grow on into a tree if only a short period of immunity from fire can be obtained[
The tree regenerates very freely from seed in the wild[
Tender young fruit - cooked and eaten as a vegetable[
Flowers - cooked and used as a vegetable[
An infusion of the pleasant tasting root, as well as the fragrant flowers, is used as a cooling drink in the treatment of fevers[
The juice of the bark is used to treat indigestion[
The grey wood is hard, elastic, moderately durable, easy to work[
]. Usually there is no heartwood[
]. It is used for making furniture, construction, tea boxes, canoes etc[
An excellent fuel, the wood also makes a good charcoal[
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