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Useful Tropical Plants

Stachytarpheta cayennensis

(Rich.) Vahl

Verbenaceae

+ Synonyms

Abena cayennensis (Rich.) Hitchc.

Lippia cylindrical Scheele

Stachytarpheta australis Moldenke

Stachytarpheta dichotoma (Ruiz & Pav.) Vahl

Stachytarpheta gibberosa Rchb.

Stachytarpheta guatemalensis Moldenke

Stachytarpheta hirta Kunth

Stachytarpheta subulata Moldenke

Stachytarpheta theezans Rojas

Stachytarpheta umbrosa Kunth

Stachytarpheta veronicifolia Cham.

Valerianoides cayennensis (Rich.) Kuntze.

Valerianoides dichotoma (Ruiz & Pav.) Voss

Verbena cayennensis Rich.

Verbena dichotoma Ruiz & Pav.

Zappania cayennensis (Rich.) Mirb.

Zappania dichotoma (Ruiz & Pav.) Mirb.

Common Name:

Stachytarpheta cayennensis
Flowering plant
Photograph by: Wilson, C.G.
Image credit to Australian National Botanic Gardens
Stachytarpheta cayennensis Stachytarpheta cayennensis Stachytarpheta cayennensis Stachytarpheta cayennensis Stachytarpheta cayennensis Stachytarpheta cayennensis

General Information

Stachytarpheta cayennensis is a rather slender, branched herb or shrub growing up to 1.5 metres tall[
512
Title
Flora of the Lancetilla Valley, Honduras.
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History; Chicago.
Year
1931
ISBN
 
Description
Rather short on details at times, which is not surprising since so little information was available at the time. Still a useful flora. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and tea.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

S. America - Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil, Bolivia, Peru; north through the Caribbean and through Central America to Mexico.

Habitat

Fields and thickets[
512
Title
Flora of the Lancetilla Valley, Honduras.
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History; Chicago.
Year
1931
ISBN
 
Description
Rather short on details at times, which is not surprising since so little information was available at the time. Still a useful flora. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. Damp thickets, forest, or swamps, sometimes in pine forest, often a weed in waste places, at elevations from sea level to 1,500 metres[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *
Medicinal Rating *  *  *
HabitShrub
Height1.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

A tea prepared from the leaves is drunk[
469
Title
Contributions from the United States National Herbarium Vol. 27
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Smithsonian Institute; Washington.
Year
1928
ISBN
 
Description
Contains a Flora of the Panama Canal zone
]. It is said to have the appearance of porter, and to foam in the same manner[
469
Title
Contributions from the United States National Herbarium Vol. 27
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Smithsonian Institute; Washington.
Year
1928
ISBN
 
Description
Contains a Flora of the Panama Canal zone
,
512
Title
Flora of the Lancetilla Valley, Honduras.
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History; Chicago.
Year
1931
ISBN
 
Description
Rather short on details at times, which is not surprising since so little information was available at the time. Still a useful flora. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]

Medicinal

A decoction of the plant is used as a remedy for dysentery, malaria and other fevers[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
].

The whole plant is boiled and the liquid drunk as a tea to treat high blood pressure and thrush[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].
The root, stems and leaves are used as a decoction in a bath to remedy grippe, headache and fractures[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
]. The plant is used externally to treat wounds and toothache[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].

The leaves are astringent, cholagogue and purgative[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
]. They are used to make a resolutive cataplasm[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
]. An infusion is used to treat colic, dysentery pain, diabetes and malaria[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
]
The leaves and leaf-juice are used externally as a wash to treat a range of conditions including eye infections, bacterial infections, chicken pox, measles[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].

A latex obtained from the plant is used for treating venereal diseases, especially syphilis[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].

The plant contains the iridoid ipolamiide[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].

Other Uses

The plant yields a latex that is used medicinally[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].

Propagation

Seed -

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