Abena cayennensis (Rich.) Hitchc.
Lippia cylindrical Scheele
Stachytarpheta australis Moldenke
Stachytarpheta dichotoma (Ruiz & Pav.) Vahl
Stachytarpheta gibberosa Rchb.
Stachytarpheta guatemalensis Moldenke
Stachytarpheta hirta Kunth
Stachytarpheta subulata Moldenke
Stachytarpheta theezans Rojas
Stachytarpheta umbrosa Kunth
Stachytarpheta veronicifolia Cham.
Valerianoides cayennensis (Rich.) Kuntze.
Valerianoides dichotoma (Ruiz & Pav.) Voss
Verbena cayennensis Rich.
Verbena dichotoma Ruiz & Pav.
Zappania cayennensis (Rich.) Mirb.
Zappania dichotoma (Ruiz & Pav.) Mirb.
Stachytarpheta cayennensis is a rather slender, branched herb or shrub growing up to 1.5 metres tall[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and tea.
S. America - Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil, Bolivia, Peru; north through the Caribbean and through Central America to Mexico.
Fields and thickets[
]. Damp thickets, forest, or swamps, sometimes in pine forest, often a weed in waste places, at elevations from sea level to 1,500 metres[
A tea prepared from the leaves is drunk[
]. It is said to have the appearance of porter, and to foam in the same manner[
A decoction of the plant is used as a remedy for dysentery, malaria and other fevers[
The whole plant is boiled and the liquid drunk as a tea to treat high blood pressure and thrush[
The root, stems and leaves are used as a decoction in a bath to remedy grippe, headache and fractures[
]. The plant is used externally to treat wounds and toothache[
The leaves are astringent, cholagogue and purgative[
]. They are used to make a resolutive cataplasm[
]. An infusion is used to treat colic, dysentery pain, diabetes and malaria[
The leaves and leaf-juice are used externally as a wash to treat a range of conditions including eye infections, bacterial infections, chicken pox, measles[
A latex obtained from the plant is used for treating venereal diseases, especially syphilis[
The plant contains the iridoid ipolamiide[
The plant yields a latex that is used medicinally[
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