Iriartea durissima Oerst.
Iriartea exorrhiza Mart.
Iriartea orbignyana Blume ex Mart.
Iriartea philonotia Barb.Rodr.
Socratea albolineata Steyerm.
Socratea durissima (Oerst.) H.Wendl.
Socratea elegans H.Karst.
Socratea gracilis Burret
Socratea hoppii Burret
Socratea macrochlamys Burret
Socratea orbignyana (Blume ex Mart.) H.Karst.
Socratea philonotia (Barb.Rodr.) Hook.f.
Common Name: Cashapona
Cashapona is a fast-growing, single-stemmed, evergreen palm tree growing from 8 - 25 metres tall[
]. The unbranched stem can be 12 - 18cm in diameter; it has stilt-like aerial roots near the base that can be up to 3 metres long; and is topped by a crown of about 7 leaves that can be 1.5 - 2 metres long[
The tree is often used locally, harvested from the wild for food, construction materials and medicine.
S. America - Bolivia, Peru, Brazil, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, the Guyanas and north through Central America to Nicaragua.
]. A common species in non-flooded fields and fallows[
]. Lowland to premontane rain forest, at elevations from sea level to 1,000 metres[
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Requires a warm, sheltered and very, very humid site[
The tree grows quickly[
Young apical buds - cooked as a vegetable[
]. A good flavour[
]. Eating the apical bud leads to the death of the tree since it is unable to make new growth or side branches[
The inner part of the stilt roots is used as a male aphrodisiac[
The stem is used to make a plaster to cicatrize the umbilical cord of newborn infants[
A decoction of the leaves is used to wash the penis for treating gonorrhoea[
Smoke from the burned fruit is used for remedying gonorrhoea and urinary diseases[
A decoction of the seeds is used to wash the penis for treating gonorrhoea[
The tree grows quickly, has a very small, light canopy, and develops well from naturally dispersed and discarded or thrown-out seeds. Maintenance is minimal, and it grows well with almost any crop[
The stems are used for thatching[
The seeds are used as beads for making necklaces etc[
The outside of the wood is hard and durable, although the inside is soft and pithy[
]. The plant has an important local role in construction - the trunk is used in the construction of houses and other structures, posts, fences, palisades etc[
]. It is usually split length-wise before it is used, but it can also be hollowed out and used a tube[
]. The gigantic trumpets of the Uaupes River Indians are made of sections of this palm, wrapped with long strips of Epema grandiflora[
Seed - must be sown fresh for it to germinate[
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