If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating.
Useful Tropical Plants

Smilax cordifolia

Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.

Smilacaceae

+ Synonyms

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Smilax cordifolia is a climbing shrub with prickly stems growing from a tuberous rootstock.
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and a medicine.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

Southern N. America - central and southern Mexico; Caribbean - Leeward Islands

Habitat

Not known

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *  *
HabitClimber
Height0.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Smilax cordifolia is native to central and southernf Mexico, and so will experience climates ranging from subtropical to tropical,
Succeeds in most soils in sun or semi-shade[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
A dioecious species - both male and female forms must be grown if fruit and seed are required.

Edible Uses

Used for food[
177
Title
Plants for Human Consumption.
Publication
 
Author
Kunkel. G.
Publisher
Koeltz Scientific Books
Year
1984
ISBN
3874292169
Description
An excellent book for the dedicated. A comprehensive listing of Latin names with a brief list of edible parts.
]. No more details are given.

Medicinal

The consumption of Smilax cordifolia roots is widely recommended in Mexican traditional medicine due to their anti-obesogenic and antiinflammatory activities[
1666
Title
Mechanisms Associated with the Effect of Hypericum perforatum and Smilax cordifolia Aqueous Extracts on Hepatic Stea
Publication
Eur. J. Lipid Sci. Technol. 2018, 1800403
Author
Perez-Ramírez I.F. et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1002/ejlt.201800403
Publisher
 
Year
2018
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
An aqueous extraction of the root has been shown to have a beneficial effect in the treatment of renal damage caused by obesity due to a decreased renal lipid accumulation, oxidative stress, and inflammation. This effect has been related to the high content in the roots of rosmarinic acid and hesperidin[
1666
Title
Mechanisms Associated with the Effect of Hypericum perforatum and Smilax cordifolia Aqueous Extracts on Hepatic Stea
Publication
Eur. J. Lipid Sci. Technol. 2018, 1800403
Author
Perez-Ramírez I.F. et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1002/ejlt.201800403
Publisher
 
Year
2018
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
It has been suggested that aqueous extracts of the roots could be used in the production of functional beverages with hepatoprotective effects[
1666
Title
Mechanisms Associated with the Effect of Hypericum perforatum and Smilax cordifolia Aqueous Extracts on Hepatic Stea
Publication
Eur. J. Lipid Sci. Technol. 2018, 1800403
Author
Perez-Ramírez I.F. et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1002/ejlt.201800403
Publisher
 
Year
2018
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

The plant is said to be used medicinally in the same ways as Smilax aristolochiifolia[
411
Title
Trees and Shrubs of Mexico
Publication
Contributions from the United States National Herbarium Vol 23
Author
Standley P.C.
Publisher
Smithsonian Institution; Washington
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
Although dated, it contains a wealth of information on the trees and shrubs of Mexico, including many of their uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. These are as follows:-
Smilax aristolochiifolia (the roots and rhizome) is a sweet, acrid, alterative herb that reduces inflammation, controls itching, improves digestion and elimination and is antiseptic[
238
Title
Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses.
Publication
 
Author
Bown. D.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley, London.
Year
1995
ISBN
0-7513-020-31
Description
A very well presented and informative book on herbs from around the globe. Plenty in it for both the casual reader and the serious student. Just one main quibble is the silly way of having two separate entries for each plant.
].
This is one of three species (the others are Smilax febrifuga and Smilax regelii) that gained a high reputation in the 17th century as cure-alls[
238
Title
Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses.
Publication
 
Author
Bown. D.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley, London.
Year
1995
ISBN
0-7513-020-31
Description
A very well presented and informative book on herbs from around the globe. Plenty in it for both the casual reader and the serious student. Just one main quibble is the silly way of having two separate entries for each plant.
]. They were widely imported into Europe until early in the 20th century, by which time their rather overrated reputation had waned somewhat. However, the plants do have a number of important medicinal benefits - in particular, their roots contain steroidal saponins which are an effective treatment for many cases of psoriasis; they also have hormonal effects, and may improve fertility in women with ovarian dysfunction[
238
Title
Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses.
Publication
 
Author
Bown. D.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley, London.
Year
1995
ISBN
0-7513-020-31
Description
A very well presented and informative book on herbs from around the globe. Plenty in it for both the casual reader and the serious student. Just one main quibble is the silly way of having two separate entries for each plant.
].
The rhizomes are alterative, digestive, febrifuge[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
,
238
Title
Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses.
Publication
 
Author
Bown. D.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley, London.
Year
1995
ISBN
0-7513-020-31
Description
A very well presented and informative book on herbs from around the globe. Plenty in it for both the casual reader and the serious student. Just one main quibble is the silly way of having two separate entries for each plant.
]. A decoction is used in the treatment of fevers, digestive disorders, kidney troubles and gonorrhoea[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
]. It is also used against scrophulus, skin diseases and rheumatism[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-08-25. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Smilax+cordifolia>

Add a Comment:

If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.