This species is closely related to Sindora beccariana and Sindora wallichii; some botanists believe that they actually all form one species[
Sindora mucronata Pierre
Sindora parvifoliola Symington
Sindora velutina is an evergreen tree usually growing 15 - 37 metres tall, but with some specimens up to 55 metres[
]. The straight, cylindrical bole has very short buttresses and varies from 18 - 95cm in diameter[
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use of its oil and wood.
Southeast Asia - Malaysia, Indonesia.
A canopy and emergent tree in lowland and hill forest[
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An oil, known as 'Sindur oil', is obtained from the bark[
]. It is used to treat skin problems[
A resinous wood oil can be obtained from the trunk of the tree[
]. The oil is obtained by making V-cuts in the trunk and up to 10 litres of oil can be obtained from the most productive species[
]. We have no specific information on properties and uses for this species, but all of the oils have similar properties - they consist of a mixture of sesquiterpenes that are non-drying, limpid, light yellow in colour, homogenous and pleasantly fragrant. The oil serves diverse uses, in perfumes, paints, varnishes, for illumination etc[
The wood is used for construction[
]. The wood is said to be soft and subject to attack by termites and other insects. It splits when drying. It is used as beams and rafters for house-building and for household utensils and boards.
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