Balanocarpus acuminatus Brandis
Balanocarpus latifolius Brandis
Balanocarpus multiflorus Symington
Balanocarpus penangianus King
Balanocarpus sibogae Boerl.
Hopea multiflora (Burck) Brandis
Richetia acuminata Heim
Richetia oblongifolia Heim
Common Name: Yellow Meranti
Yellow meranti is a small to medium-sized, occasionally large tree with a diffuse, hemispherical crown comprised of many ascending branches; it usually grows up to 40 metres tall. The straight, cylindrical bole can be 60 - 110cm in diameter, with short or absent, stout buttresses[
The tree is harvested from the wild as a commercial source of 'yellow meranti' timber[
The tree has been classified as being of 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2010)[
Southeast Asia - Malaysia, Indonesia.
A canopy or emergent tree, widespread and common in lowland and hill mixed dipterocarp forest; favouring yellow sands near the coast and shale ridges inland, but rare or absent on clays; from sea level to elevations of 700 metres[
|Conservation Status||Least Concern
|Other Uses Rating||
A plant of lowland areas in the moist tropics, where it is found at elevations up to 700 metres[
The heartwood is light yellow ot yellow-brown, sometimes with greenish tints and darkening upon exposure to air; it is not clearly demarcated from the 6 - 8cm wide band of sapwood. The texture is medium; the grain straight or interlocked, sometimes wavy. The wood is light in weight, soft, moderately durable, but susceptible to attacks by fungi, dry wood borers and termites. Drying rate is normal to slow with a slight risk of checking or distortion, once dried it is stable in service. The wood works well with ordinary tools, though filling is recommended to obtain a good finish; gluing is correct; it takes screws and nails well[
]. The wood is used for purposes such as heavy construction, interior joinery and panelling, furniture, light carpentry, flooring and veneer[
We have no specific information for this species - the information below is a general guide for the genus.
Seed - best sown as soon as possible. It does not require pre-treatment, but it is recommended to soak the seed for 12 hours prior to sowing[
]. The seeds are sown in seedbeds, where they are covered with a mixture of sand and soil (1:1) or with a thin layer of sawdust[
]. Germination of fresh seeds is usually good and rapid. About two weeks after germination, when the seedlings are 5 - 6cm tall, they are potted up into individual containers about 15 x 23cm with good drainage holes at their base[
]. It is normally recommended to use a mixture of forest soil and sand (at a ratio of 3:1) as the potting medium in order to introduce the appropriate mycorrhiza to the roots. The seedlings are placed in
50 - 60% sunlight and watered twice daily[
Seedlings can be planted out when 30 - 40cm tall - harden the seedlings off in full sunlight for one month prior to planting[
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