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Useful Tropical Plants

Setaria incrassata

(Hochst.) Hack.

Poaceae

+ Synonyms

Panicum incrassatum Hochst.

Setaria abyssinica Hack.

Setaria albida Stapf

Setaria avettae Pirotta

Setaria bequaertii Robyns

Setaria breviseta Peter

Setaria ciliolata Stapf & C.E.Hubb.

Setaria eylesii Stapf & C.E.Hubb.

Setaria gerrardii Stapf

Setaria holstii R.A.W.Herrm.

Setaria interrupta Peter

Setaria kersteniana Peter

Setaria lacunosa Peter

Setaria lindiensis Pilg.

Setaria longissima Chiov.

Setaria lynesii Stapf & C.E.Hubb.

Setaria merkeri R.A.W.Herrm.

Setaria modesta Stapf

Setaria mombassana R.A.W.Herrm.

Setaria nigrirostris pallida de Wit

Setaria pabularis Stapf

Setaria palustris Stapf

Setaria perberbis Stapf ex de Wit

Setaria phanerococca Stapf

Setaria phleoides Stapf

Setaria phragmitoides Stapf

Setaria plurinervis Stapf

Setaria polyphylla Stapf

Setaria porphyrantha Stapf

Setaria ramulosa Peter

Setaria rudifolia Stapf

Setaria setulosa Stapf

Setaria woodii Hack.

Common Name:

Setaria incrassata
Drawing of the fruiting plant
Photograph by: Wood, J.M., Evans, M.S., Natal plants, vol. 2: t. 170 (1899-1904)
Creative Commons License

General Information

Setaria incrassata is a clump-forming, perennial grass with short rhizomes, producing culms up to 200cm tall in east Africa, but only to 60cm in west Africa[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use in thatching, basketry etc. It is sometimes grown in soil stabilization projects.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

500
Title
Flora of Somalia
Publication
 
Author
Thulin M. (Editor)
Publisher
Kew Publishing, London.
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on the plants of the region, often adding notes on the plants uses.

Range

Tropical Africa - Nigeria to Ethiopia and Somalia, south through eastern Africa and southern Africa to northern S. Africa.

Habitat

Found in a variety of habitats from savannah to stony hillsides and margins of evergreen forest; from lowlands to upland situations, most commonly on heavy clay soils[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitPerennial
Height1.00 m
PollinatorsWind
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details

A plant of the tropics, where it is found at elevations up to 2,400 metres. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 16 - 30°c, but can tolerate 12 - 36°c[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. When dormant, the plant can survive temperatures down to about -3°c, but young growth can be severely damaged at -1°c[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 700 - 1,200mm, but tolerates 500 - 1,300mm[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].
Succeeds in full sun and in light shade[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. Grows best in a fertile soil[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. Succeeds in a wide range of soils[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. Prefers a pH in the range 6.5 - 7.5, tolerating 6.2 - 8.2[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Agroforestry Uses:

Sown for erosion control on black earths. The plant's speed and reliability of establishment make it ideal for short-term leys[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].

Other Uses

The culms are used in hut-building and to make rope. They are generally used for thatching and for basket-making[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-08-25. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Setaria+incrassata>

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