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Useful Tropical Plants

Schrebera swietenioides

Roxb.

Oleaceae

+ Synonyms

Nathusia swietenioides (Roxb.) Kuntze

Schrebera pubescens Kurz

Common Name: Weaver's Beam Tree

Schrebera swietenioides
Looking into the canopy
Photograph by: Raffi Kojian
Creative Commons License

General Information

Schrebera swietenioides is a deciduous tree with a large, dense crown; it can grow up to 20 metres tall[
372
Title
Flowers of India
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.flowersofindia.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Good quality photos and terse details on almost 2,000 species and cultivars.
,
666
Title
Plants of the Coast of Coromandel
Publication
 
Author
Roxburgh W.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
 
Year
1795
ISBN
 
Description
Gives information on the uses of plants growing on the southeastern coast of India. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The plant is hightly valued for its wood, which is much used locally but rarely traded. It is also harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine, and is sometimes cultivated as an ornamental in gardens.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

E. Asia - India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos

Habitat

Dry forests[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *
Medicinal Rating *  *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitDeciduous Tree
Height12.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



The flowers become very fragrant overnight, when they are pollinated by moths[
666
Title
Plants of the Coast of Coromandel
Publication
 
Author
Roxburgh W.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
 
Year
1795
ISBN
 
Description
Gives information on the uses of plants growing on the southeastern coast of India. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Edible Uses

Leaves - cooked. Boiled and eaten with salt and chili peppers. A famine food, eaten in times of need when there is little else available.

Medicinal

The plant has a long history of being used to treat various diseases. The roots, bark and leaves are bitter, acrid, appetising, digestive, thermogenic, stomachic, depurative, constipating urinary astringent and anthelmintic[
372
Title
Flowers of India
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.flowersofindia.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Good quality photos and terse details on almost 2,000 species and cultivars.
]. They are useful in treating a range of conditions including indigestion, skin diseases, leprosy, anaemia, boils and burns and rectal disorders[
1125
Title
Study of Anti-anaemic Effect of Schrebera swietenioides Roxb., in Rat Models
Publication
Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
Author
Pingali P.S.; Srinivas P.; Reddy M.
Publisher
 
Year
2015
ISBN
0974-2441
Description
 
].

The bark is used to treat diseases of the throat, anaemia, bleeding piles and diabetes[
1125
Title
Study of Anti-anaemic Effect of Schrebera swietenioides Roxb., in Rat Models
Publication
Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
Author
Pingali P.S.; Srinivas P.; Reddy M.
Publisher
 
Year
2015
ISBN
0974-2441
Description
 
].

The fruits are reported to be useful in curing hydrocele[
372
Title
Flowers of India
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.flowersofindia.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Good quality photos and terse details on almost 2,000 species and cultivars.
].

The roots are used in the treatment of leprosy[
240
Title
Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement).
Publication
 
Author
Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C.
Publisher
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi.
Year
1986
ISBN
-
Description
Very terse details of medicinal uses of plants with a wide range of references and details of research into the plants chemistry. Not for the casual reader.
].

Scientific investigations have proved the anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and antipyretic activities of the root and antidiabetic and antioxidant effect of the fruit[
1125
Title
Study of Anti-anaemic Effect of Schrebera swietenioides Roxb., in Rat Models
Publication
Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
Author
Pingali P.S.; Srinivas P.; Reddy M.
Publisher
 
Year
2015
ISBN
0974-2441
Description
 
].

The root bark contains some bioactive agents that are powerful antioxidants, which prevent or repair the damage done to the cells by free radicals or highly reactive oxygen species. A significant observation was that the content of polyphenols, flavonoids and tannins was much higher in the root bark compared to the leaves and stem bark. The anti-anaemic property of the plant may be attributed to the presence of the above-mentioned bioactives as they are known to exert anti-oxidant activity as reported in the literature. From our study, it can be established that the anti-anaemic potential of the root bark can be explored for further research in developing a novel herbal delivery system[
1125
Title
Study of Anti-anaemic Effect of Schrebera swietenioides Roxb., in Rat Models
Publication
Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
Author
Pingali P.S.; Srinivas P.; Reddy M.
Publisher
 
Year
2015
ISBN
0974-2441
Description
 
].
The collective data of this study revealed that root bark has considerable anti-anaemic activity, indicating the use of this plant for the treatment of anaemia[
1125
Title
Study of Anti-anaemic Effect of Schrebera swietenioides Roxb., in Rat Models
Publication
Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
Author
Pingali P.S.; Srinivas P.; Reddy M.
Publisher
 
Year
2015
ISBN
0974-2441
Description
 
].

Other Uses

The heartwood is of a brownish grey colour; it is not clearly demarcated from the sapwood. It is very close-grained, heavy, hard and durable. It is reckoned less subject to crack or warp than any other wood. It is used by weavers in many parts of their looms, particularly for the beam: it is also used in turnery and serves also for a great variety of other uses[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
,
372
Title
Flowers of India
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.flowersofindia.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Good quality photos and terse details on almost 2,000 species and cultivars.
,
666
Title
Plants of the Coast of Coromandel
Publication
 
Author
Roxburgh W.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
 
Year
1795
ISBN
 
Description
Gives information on the uses of plants growing on the southeastern coast of India. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
I am inclined to think it would answer well for scales to mathematical instruments. It is not so handsome as box, but is not subject to warp[
666
Title
Plants of the Coast of Coromandel
Publication
 
Author
Roxburgh W.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
 
Year
1795
ISBN
 
Description
Gives information on the uses of plants growing on the southeastern coast of India. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]..

Propagation

Seed - sow with the wings pointing upwards in a containers in a lightly shaded position. Stored seed usually germinates within 4 weeks. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and plant out when large enough[
295
Title
PlantZAfrica.com
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.plantzafrica.com
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site giving detailed descriptions and uses of many S. African plants.
].

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