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Useful Tropical Plants

Schizostachyum iraten

Steud.

Poaceae

+ Synonyms

Bambusa iraten Steud.

Melocanna blumei Kurz

Schizostachyum biflorum McClure

Common Name:

Schizostachyum iraten
Drawing of the leaf and flowering stem (Fig B only)
Photograph by: Camus, E.G., Les bambuse?es, Atlas, vol. 2: t. 98, fig. B (1913)
Creative Commons License

General Information

Schizostachyum iraten is an evergreen bamboo, forming a dense clump of culms 6 - 10 metres tall from short, woody rhizomes. The erect, thin-walled, woody culms are drooping at the tips; they are 2 - 5cm in diameter with internodes 70 - 120cm long[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
The culms are harvested from the wild for local use as a source of materials. They are sometimes traded locally[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
The future of Schizostachyum iraten is in danger. In Java, its occurrence in the wild is threatened with extinction and germplasm collection is urgently needed[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. The plant has not yet been evaluated in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

Southeast Asia - Indonesia.

Habitat

Scrub vegetation, disturbed forest, village groves, and secondary hill forest, nearly always occurring as scattered specimens; at elevations up to 600 metres[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Bamboo
Height8.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



A 3-year-old clump in East Java contained 40 culms, however, a mature clump may contain up to 100 culms[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Bamboos have an interesting method of growth. Each plant produces a number of new stems annually - these stems grow to their maximum height in their first year of growth, subsequent growth in the stem being limited to the production of new side branches and leaves. In the case of some mature tropical species the new stem could be as much as 30 metres tall, with daily increases in height of 30cm or more during their peak growth time. This makes them some of the fastest-growing species in the world[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].
Bamboos in general are usually monocarpic, living for many years before flowering, then flowering and seeding profusely for a period of 1 - 3 years before usually dying.
A mature clump in the botanical garden in Bogor produces young shoots and flowers all the year round[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Pseudospikelets fall off as soon as they reach maturity, therefore mature fruits have rarely been found. In Peninsular Malaysia, Schizostachyum iraten has never been found flowering[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
This species is closely related to Schizostachyum lima and Schizostachyum jaculans[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The culms are used for fishing rods and to make blowpipes and flutes[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-02-23. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Schizostachyum+iraten>

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