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Useful Tropical Plants

Schizostachyum dullooa

(Gamble) Majumdar

Poaceae


There is uncertainty over the correct name for this species. We have followed the treatment in Kew Botanic Garden's GrassBase, but Missouri Botanic Garden treat the species as Neohouzeaua dulloa[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

+ Synonyms

Neohouzeaua dullooa (Gamble) A.Camus

Teinostachyum dullooa Gamble

Common Name:

Schizostachyum dullooa
Drawing of the leaves and fruiting stem
Photograph by: Annals of the Royal Botanic Garden, Calcutta, vol. 7: t. 89 (1891)
Creative Commons License

General Information

Schizostachyum dulloa is an evergreen, perennial, clump-forming bamboo with short rhizomes. The culms, which can be erect, leaning, or scandent, are 6 - 9 metres long; 25 - 75mm in diameter with thin-walled internodes 40 - 75cm long.
The culms are often gathered from the wild for local use in weaving, making baskets, light construction etc. The plant is also cultivated in and around villages.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

361
Title
Bamboos of India: A Compendium
Publication
 
Author
Seethalakshmi K.K., Muktesh Kumar M.S.
Website
http://www.inbar.int/publication/txt/tr17/default.htm
Publisher
Brill.
Year
2002
ISBN
8186247254
Description
A very good book giving botanical descriptions of the plants with brief notes on subjects such as uses, habitat and range. It is also available to view on the Internet.

Range

E. Asia - India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam.

Habitat

Usually found wild in evergreen forest at elevations of 300 - 700 metres[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitBamboo
Height7.50 m
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details


The plant is capable of growing on coarse textured soil provided there is sufficient moisture, and is seen on soils originating from sand stone[
361
Title
Bamboos of India: A Compendium
Publication
 
Author
Seethalakshmi K.K., Muktesh Kumar M.S.
Website
http://www.inbar.int/publication/txt/tr17/default.htm
Publisher
Brill.
Year
2002
ISBN
8186247254
Description
A very good book giving botanical descriptions of the plants with brief notes on subjects such as uses, habitat and range. It is also available to view on the Internet.
].
Bamboos have an interesting method of growth. Each plant produces a number of new stems annually - these stems grow to their maximum height in their first year of growth, subsequent growth in the stem being limited to the production of new side branches and leaves. In the case of some mature tropical species the new stem could be as much as 30 metres tall, with daily increases in height of 30cm or more during their peak growth time. This makes them some of the fastest-growing species in the world[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].
Bamboos in general are usually monocarpic, living for many years before flowering, then flowering and seeding profusely for a period of 1 - 3 years before usually dying. This species has a period of 15 years between flowering.

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The culms are generally used for making baskets, mats and small boxes[361. They have also been used for making containers to carry water, for making umbrellas, masts, poles and in light construction[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
361
Title
Bamboos of India: A Compendium
Publication
 
Author
Seethalakshmi K.K., Muktesh Kumar M.S.
Website
http://www.inbar.int/publication/txt/tr17/default.htm
Publisher
Brill.
Year
2002
ISBN
8186247254
Description
A very good book giving botanical descriptions of the plants with brief notes on subjects such as uses, habitat and range. It is also available to view on the Internet.
]. The canes are usually harvested when 3 years old[
361
Title
Bamboos of India: A Compendium
Publication
 
Author
Seethalakshmi K.K., Muktesh Kumar M.S.
Website
http://www.inbar.int/publication/txt/tr17/default.htm
Publisher
Brill.
Year
2002
ISBN
8186247254
Description
A very good book giving botanical descriptions of the plants with brief notes on subjects such as uses, habitat and range. It is also available to view on the Internet.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2020-08-14. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Schizostachyum%20dullooa>

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