Amoora roxburghiana Korth. ex Blume
Canarium laevigatum (Blume) Miq.
Canarium rufescens (Blume) Miq.
Santiria rufescens Blume
Santiria laevigata is a tree usually growing 15 - 30 metres tall with some specimens up to 45 metres. The bole is usually 25 - 70cm in diameter, exceptionally more than 100cm, often with buttresses[
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use of its wood and edible fruit. The wood is traded internationally[
The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2011)[
Southeast Asia - Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines.
An emergent tree in undisturbed forests at elevations up to 800 metres. Usually in mixed dipterocarp forest, but also found in swamp and keranga forest. Mostly on hillsides with sandy soils[
|Conservation Status||Least Concern
|Other Uses Rating||
]. The fruit is a green-white, fleshy drupe around 15mm long[
The species regenerates well in logged-over forest and has been found to become the dominant species five years after logging[
]. It has potential for use as a pioneer species when re-establishing native woodland[
The timber is used for posts, planks and chopping-knife handles[
This species is one of the sources of kedondong timber, which is obtained from several species in the family Burseraceae[
]. We do not have a specific description of the wood for this species, but the general description of kedondong wood is as follows:-
The heartwood is generally a light brown; it is not sharply demarcated from the 3 - 5cm wide band of lighter-coloured sapwood. The texture is moderately fine and even; the grain is interlocked to wavy; the surface is lustrous. The wood is light in weight; moderately hard; not very durable, being susceptible to fungi, dry wood borers and termites. It seasons somewhat slowly with only a slight risk of checking and distortion; once dry it is moderately stable to stable in service. The wood has a fairly high blunting effect, stellite-tipped and tungsten carbide tools are recommended; it is moderately easy to slightly difficult to plane; finishes smooth to rough; can be easy to very difficult to bore; slightly difficult to difficult to turn; nailing and screwing properties are good; gluing is correct. The wood is suitable for internal use as a general utility timber for planking, cladding, plywood, flooring, furniture, packing cases, pallets and general carpentry work[
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