Acyntha longiflora (Sims) Kuntze
Common Name: Bowstring Hemp
Bowstring hemp is a stemless evergreen perennial plant, producing succulent, erect, rigid leaves 15 - 45cm or more long and 25 - 80mm wide from a rhizomatous rootstock[
]. The leaves can be up to 1.8 metres long[
]. The flowering stem grows 45 - 75cm or more tall[
The plant is gathered from the wild for the fibre obtained from its leaves. This is used locally. The plant is cultivated as a fibre crop in some parts of the tropics, especially tropical America[
West tropical Africa - Zaire, Angola, Namibia.
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
Requires a sunny position in a well-drained soil[
]. Prefers a pH in the range 6 - 7[
]. Established plants are very drought tolerant[
Annual yields of 5 - 11 tonnes of fibre per hectare have been postulated[
The plant can spread freely at the roots.
A good quality fibre is obtained from the leaves[
]. It is very bright, clean and strong[
]. The fibre is suitable for making fine twines, and could also be suitable for making a spinning fibre[
]. Fibres of up to 2 metres long can be obtained from the leaves[
Division of the rootstock.
Leaf cuttings. Cut the leaf into sections about 5cm long, place in a 2:1 mix of sand and peat in a propagating case with a bottom heat of 18Â°c[
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