Hyptis glandulosa Sieber ex Benth.
Salvia martinicensis Sessé & Moc.
Salvia procumbens Ruiz & Pav.
Salvia radicans Poir.
Common Name: Field Basil
Field basil is a prostrate to ascending, usually much branched, annual or perennial herb. The stems, which are often woody at the base, are usually up to 50cm tall[
The plant is sometimes gathered from the wild for local medicinal use. It has been trialled as a cover crop in Java.
Western S. America - Peru northwards through Central America to Mexico. Throughout the Caribbean to southern Florida.
Wet to dry thickets or fields, often in waste ground, especially about dwellings, or a weed in cultivated ground, mainly found at low elevations but extending to 2,500 metres in Guatemala[
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Prefers a sandy soil[
]. Succeeds in heavy clays[
One of the commonest weeds of Central America, especially about dwellings[
]. The plant has become naturalized outside its native range and, in some areas, has become an invasive weed[
The very viscid calyces of the plant often adhere in great numbers to clothes, and also to the feathers and feet of small, or even of larger birds[
The plant has a strong and disagreeable odour, and largely on that account, probably, finds common use in domestic medicine[
A decoction of the leaves is used in the treatment of stomach pains and dysentery[
The plant has been tried as a cover crop in Indonesia (Java)[
]. It is suitable for heavy clay, quickly providing an adequate cover. Once established it prevents the formation of an Imperata grass cover[
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