Imperata klaga Jungh.
Imperata spontanea (L.) P.Beauv.
Saccharum angustifolium Reinw. ex Buse
Saccharum arenicola Ohwi
Saccharum caducum Tausch
Saccharum canaliculatum Roxb.
Saccharum chinense Nees ex Hook. & Arn.
Saccharum glaza Reinw. ex Blume
Saccharum insulare Brongn.
Saccharum juncifolium (Hack.) Jan.Ammal
Saccharum klaga (Jungh.) Steud.
Saccharum propinquum Steud.
Saccharum semidecumbens Roxb.
Saccharum speciosissimum Tausch
Saccharum stenophyllum Buse
Tricholaena semidecumbens (Roxb.) Schult.
Common Name: Wild Sugarcane
Fruiting plant in native habitat
Photograph by: Tony Rodd
Wild sugarcane is a perennial grass, free-tillering, often with aggressive rhizomes, capable of reaching a height of up to 8 metres, but normally within the range 2 - 3.5 metres[
It has been used in the breeding of sugarcane (S. Officinarum), as it provides vigour, hardiness and resistance to many major diseases[
Tropical and subtropical areas of Africa, E. Asia - India, Malaysia, Indo-China.
Swamps, saline swamps, deserts, jungles, sandy river flats, and the low slopes of the Himalayas[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
A plant of subtropical to tropical areas, where it is found from sea level to 1,700 metres[
]. Grows best in areas where the mean annual rainfall is within the range 25 - 35Â°c, though it can tolerate 17 - 40Â°c[
]. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 2,000 - 3,000mm, tolerating 1,500 - 5,000mm[
Prefers a sunny position, succeeding in most soils[
]. Plants can succeed in wetter soils and are tolerant of seasonal inundation of the soil[
]. Tolerates moderate levels of salt in the soil[
]. Prefers a pH in the range 5 - 6, but can tolerate 4.5 - 7.5[
The canes are a source of sugar, though the sucrose content is low and the fibre content high[
The hearts of the young shoots can be eaten raw or cooked as a side dish with rice[
Very young inflorescences, whilst still enclosed by the leaf sheaths, eaten raw, steamed or roasted[
]. A sweet flavour[
The peeled rhizomes have a sweet flavour and are chewed by children as a substitute for sugar cane[
The ash from burnt plants is used as a salt substitute[
Plants are used for hedging or screening[
The plant is a source of material for thatching[
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