Closely related to Saccharum bengalense[
Erianthus arundinaceus (Retz.) Jeswiet
Imperata exaltata (Roxb.) Brongn.
Ripidium arundinaceum (Retzius) Grassl
Saccharum barbicostatum Ohwi
Saccharum exaltatum Roxb.
Common Name: Sweetcane
Sweetcane is a vigorous perennial grass forming large clumps of culms 1 - 6 metres tall and 1 - 2cm in diameter[
The plant is extensively used in India where it supplies food, fibre, materials for thatching, basket making etc. It is also used as a hedge around betel pepper gardens. The plant is also used medicinally[
E. Asia - southern China, Japan, Indian subcontinent, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia.
Hill slopes, riversides, dry stream beds, often on sandy soils[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
A plant of the subtropics to tropics, it can also succeed in warm temperate areas[
Plants can withstand periodic inundation[
A vigorous plant, it can spread and become invasive[
The youngest leaves are eaten as vegetable and in salads[
The plant is used medicinally[
Often planted as a hedge around betel pepper gardens[
]. It is frequently planted in lines or dividing hedges, especially in low-lying localities subject to periodic inundation[
The leaf sheathes are a source of fibre, known as 'Munj fibre'[
]. Strong and elastic, it has the wonderful power of enduring moisture without decaying[
]. It is used for making cloth, cordage, ropes, mats etc[
]. The mats are reported to be proof against white ants, but are hard on shoe-leather, harsh to the foot and fatiguing when walked on for any length of time[
The leaf blades, and also the flowering stems, are used for thatching[
The stems are used for making chairs, stools, baskets, screens etc[
The leaf blades are used as a material for making paper[
The internodal part of the culm is hardened and then cut into implements for writing[
The culms are used like bamboo for construction purposes[
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