Gardenia jasminiflora Zipp. ex Span.
Gardenia speciosa A.Rich.
Gardenia stanleyana Hook. ex Lindl.
Randia longiflora (Salisb.) Durand & Schinz
Randia maculata DC.
Randia sapinii De Wild.
Randia spathacea De Wild.
Randia stanleyana (Hook. ex Lindl.) Walp.
Randia thomasii Hutch. & Dalziel
Rothmannia maculata (DC.) Fagerl.
Rothmannia stanleyana (Hook. ex Lindl.) Benth.
Solena maculata (DC.) D.Dietr.
Rothmannia longiflora is an evergreen shrub or small tree up to 9 metres tall, often with climbing stems[
The plant is gathered from the wild for local medicinal use. A decorative plant with large, attractive, trumpet-shaped, white or pink flowers it is worth cultivating as an ornamental[
Tropical Africa - Sierra Leone to Sudan, south to Angola, Malawi and Tanzania.
Undergrowth of primary as well as secondary forest, at elevations from sea-level up to 1,700 metres[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
]. The orange-yellow, or green to black, globose fruit is up to 6cm in diameter[
The plant is often used in traditional medicine in Africa, where it is valued especially for its febrifugal and analgesic properties[
]. Research has demonstrated the presence of medically active compounds in the plant.
The N-glycoside 4-oxonicotinamide-1-(1’-β-D-ribofuranoside) has been isolated from the fruits, branches and leaves[
]. This compound had previously only been known from human urine, and had never been isolated from other higher plants. It is an interesting compound, particularly in influencing enzymatic processes[
The fruits contain monomethyl fumarate, which is used to treat psoriasis[
The fruits contain D-mannitol, which is used as a nutrient, dietary supplement and a texturizing agent[
]. Due to its low hygroscopicity, it is often used as a dusting powder to protect products against moisture pick-up. A major use of D-mannitol is in chewing gum and it is also widely used in intestinal permeability tests[
A decoction of the leaves, twigs, bark and roots is applied internally or externally in lotions, washes and baths[
The roots are used to treat bowel complaints[
]. A root infusion is applied as a treatment for throat abscesses, toothache and leprosy[
Drinking the leaf juice is said to help during labour and childbirth[
The leaf pulp is used as an enema against kidney pain and diarrhoea with blood[
]. The leaves are used to treat itching skin diseases[
The fruit pulp is said to be emetic[
The seed is used to treat ulcers[
The fruits are commonly used to make blue-black markings on the hands, face and body, sometimes to imitate tattooing[
]. Plant fibres are coloured by soaking them in swamp mud to which the fruits and leaves of this plant have been added[
A dye and an ink-like extract known as 'katambiri' is made from finely crushed seeds[
]. To make a stronger dye and ink, the extract is sometimes mixed with leaves of Gardenia, Indigofera, Nauclea or Vitex and sugar or honey[
A black dye can be prepared from the flowers[
The twigs are used as chewsticks[
The stems are used to make shafts of a long-handled chisel that is used for harvesting fruit bunches of oil palm, and elsewhere to make spear handles[
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