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Useful Tropical Plants

Rivina humilis

L.

Phytolaccaceae

+ Synonyms

Piercea acuminata Raf.

Piercea glabra Mill.

Piercea obliquata Raf.

Piercea tomentosa Mill.

Rivina acuminata Raf.

Rivina aurantiaca Warsc. ex Schenk

Rivina brasiliensis Nocca

Rivina canescens G.Don ex Steud.

Rivina gracilis Salisb.

Rivina laevis L.

Rivina lanceolata Willd.

Rivina obliquata Raf.

Rivina orientalis Moq.

Rivina pallida Salisb.

Rivina paraguayensis D.Parodi

Rivina portulaccoides Nutt.

Rivina procumbens Ruiz ex Moq.

Rivina puberula Kunth

Rivina purpurascens Schrad.

Rivina tetrandra Desf.

Rivina tinctoria Ham. ex G.Don

Rivina viridiflora Bel

Rivina viridis Schmidt in Meyer

Solanoides laevis Moench

Solanoides pubescens Moench

Solanoides undulate Moench

Tithonia humilis Kuntze

Common Name: Rouge Plant

Rivina humilis
Plants growing in native habitat
Photograph by: Forest and Kim Starr
Creative Commons License
Rivina humilis Rivina humilis Rivina humilis Rivina humilis Rivina humilis

General Information

Rouge plant is a herbaceous perennial plant growing from a woody taproot and with stems that are somewhat woody at the base.
The red fruits are gathered from the wild to be used for dyeing. The plant is widely grown as an ornamental in the tropics and subtropics, where it is particularly valued for its brilliantly coloured, rather handsome berries[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
,
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
,
426
Title
Flowering Plants of Jamaica
Publication
 
Author
Adams. C.D.
Publisher
University of the West Indies; Jamaica.
Year
1972
ISBN
 
Description
A terse treatment of the flowering plants of Jamaica, with a botanical description of each plant, notes on habitat etc.

Range

S. America - Argentina and Paraguay, north through the Caribbean to Florida and Arkansas, and through Central America to Texas and New Mexico.

Habitat

A weed of light, open woodland and shaded waste places[
426
Title
Flowering Plants of Jamaica
Publication
 
Author
Adams. C.D.
Publisher
University of the West Indies; Jamaica.
Year
1972
ISBN
 
Description
A terse treatment of the flowering plants of Jamaica, with a botanical description of each plant, notes on habitat etc.
]. Moist or dry thickets and forest, sometimes a weed in cafetales or other cultivated places, chiefly at low elevations but ascending to about 1,800 metres in Guatemala[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
].

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
Edibility Rating *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitPerennial
Height1.00 m
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

A plant of low to moderate elevations in the tropics and subtropics.
Succeeds in sun or shade.
Widely grown as an ornamental, the plant has escaped from cultivation and become naturalized in many parts of the tropics. It has been declared an invasive plant in many areas[
305
Title
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very good website detailing weed species that have been introduced into the Pacific Islands.
]. The plant spreads mainly by bird-sown seeds[
305
Title
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very good website detailing weed species that have been introduced into the Pacific Islands.
].

Edible Uses

The fruit is reported to be edible[
411
Title
Trees and Shrubs of Mexico
Publication
Contributions from the United States National Herbarium Vol 23
Author
Standley P.C.
Publisher
Smithsonian Institution; Washington
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
Although dated, it contains a wealth of information on the trees and shrubs of Mexico, including many of their uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Medicinal

The leaves are said to be used for catarrh and for treating wounds[
411
Title
Trees and Shrubs of Mexico
Publication
Contributions from the United States National Herbarium Vol 23
Author
Standley P.C.
Publisher
Smithsonian Institution; Washington
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
Although dated, it contains a wealth of information on the trees and shrubs of Mexico, including many of their uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Other Uses

A red dye is obtained from the fruits[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
]. It is used for dyeing small articles or even as an ink[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
].

Propagation

Seed -
Stem cuttings.
Leaf cuttings.

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