Glycine suaveolens L.f.
Hedysarum venosum Rottler
Rhynchosia suaveolens is a perennial plant with trailing stems that are more or less woody; it can grow 30 - 90cm tall.
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and a medicine.
E. Asia - India, Sri Lanka
Dry forests; at elevations up to 900 metres.
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Seeds are taken as food in boiled form, roasted form or in their natural state[
]. The seedpods are 15mm long and 8mm wide, containing two small seeds[
The plant is used medicinally. It has been shown to have antinociceptive, antiinflammatory, anti-diabetic, anti-fertility and antipyretic effects , and also to reduce blood sugar levels and thus have a beneficial effect in the treatment of diabetes[
We have seen no specific entry for this species, but all members of this genus have at least some merit for use as a ground cover and in local soil conservation projects[
Like many species within the family Fabaceae, once they have ripened and dried the seeds of this species may benefit from scarification before sowing in order to speed up and improve germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing[
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