Rhynchosia mildbraedii Harms
Fagelia resinosa Hochst. ex A.Rich.
Rhynchosia resinosa is a mostly woody, somewhat aromatic, scrambling plant with sticky, twining stems that can range from 1.8 - 7.5 metres long. Sometimes it is a more or less erect shrub 60 - 150cm tall[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine.
Tropical Africa - Sierra Leone to Ethiopia, south to Namibia, Botswana and northern S. Africa
Ravine forest; bushland; grassland with scattered trees; thickets; scrub; sometimes on termite mounds; Brachystegia woodland; cultivations; waste ground; rain-forest with Albizia, Macaranga, Croton, Ocotea; forest edge[
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This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria; these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
The plant (part not specified) is used to treat ear problems and as a generally healing medicine[
A decoction of the aerial parts of the plant, combined with the stem barks of Ozoroa insignis, Gymnosporia senegalensis, Entada abyssinica and Lannea schimperi is used in the treatment of peptic ulcers. This decoction has been shown to have a dose-dependant protective activity and also to have moderate antibacterial activity[
We have seen no specific entry for this species, but all members of this genus have at least some merit for use as a ground cover and in local soil conservation projects[
Like many species within the family Fabaceae, once they have ripened and dried the seeds of this species may benefit from scarification before sowing in order to speed up and improve germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing[
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