Rhynchosia beddomei is an erect, deciduous shrub
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine. It is sold in local markets.
Rhynchosia beddomei is restricted to a small region of southern India and population numbers are known to be low. The plant is also commonly harvested for medicinal use. It is classified as 'Vulnerable' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2018)[
E. Asia - southern India (Andhra Pradesh)
The plant (part not specified) is abortifacient, antibacterial, antifungal, antidiabetic and hepatoprotective[
The leaves are applied topically to treat wounds, cuts, boils and rheumatic pains[
The plant contains flavornoid compounds, such as flavones, flavonols and flavanones[
]. The main medicinally active compounds are flavonoid, steroids, phenols and high levels of saponins[
]. The plant also contains volatile oils[
The leaves possess significant antimicrobial activity[
The dried and coarsely powdered aerial parts of the plant were subjected to extraction with methanol and ethyl acetate using simple distillation[
]. The extract showed antioxidant and hypoglycaemic activity[
]. The methanolic extract was found to have a stronger antidiabetic activity compared to the ethyl acetate extract[
We have seen no specific entry for this species, but all members of this genus have at least some merit for use as a ground cover and in local soil conservation projects[
Like many species within the family Fabaceae, once they have ripened and dried the seeds of this species may benefit from scarification before sowing in order to speed up and improve germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing[
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