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Useful Tropical Plants

Rhynchosia beddomei

Baker

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Rhynchosia beddomei is an erect, deciduous shrub
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine. It is sold in local markets.
Rhynchosia beddomei is restricted to a small region of southern India and population numbers are known to be low. The plant is also commonly harvested for medicinal use. It is classified as 'Vulnerable' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2018)[
1586
Title
Pollination ecology of Rhynchosia beddomei Baker (Fabaceae), an endemic medicinal shrub in the southern Eastern Ghat
Publication
Songklanakarin J. Sci. Technol 40 (3), 718-724, May - Jun. 2018
Author
Aluri J.S.R. & Kunuku V.R.
Publisher
 
Year
2018
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

506
Title
The Flora of British India. (in 7 volumes)
Publication
 
Author
Hooker J.D.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
L.Reeve & Co.; London
Year
1872 - 1897
ISBN
 
Description
Rather dated, but has some information on plant uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.

Range

E. Asia - southern India (Andhra Pradesh)

Habitat

Not known

Properties

Conservation StatusVulnerable
Medicinal Rating *  *  *
HabitDeciduous Shrub
Height0.00 m
PollinatorsBees
Self-fertileYes
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The plant (part not specified) is abortifacient, antibacterial, antifungal, antidiabetic and hepatoprotective[
1586
Title
Pollination ecology of Rhynchosia beddomei Baker (Fabaceae), an endemic medicinal shrub in the southern Eastern Ghat
Publication
Songklanakarin J. Sci. Technol 40 (3), 718-724, May - Jun. 2018
Author
Aluri J.S.R. & Kunuku V.R.
Publisher
 
Year
2018
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The leaves are applied topically to treat wounds, cuts, boils and rheumatic pains[
1586
Title
Pollination ecology of Rhynchosia beddomei Baker (Fabaceae), an endemic medicinal shrub in the southern Eastern Ghat
Publication
Songklanakarin J. Sci. Technol 40 (3), 718-724, May - Jun. 2018
Author
Aluri J.S.R. & Kunuku V.R.
Publisher
 
Year
2018
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The plant contains flavornoid compounds, such as flavones, flavonols and flavanones[
1586
Title
Pollination ecology of Rhynchosia beddomei Baker (Fabaceae), an endemic medicinal shrub in the southern Eastern Ghat
Publication
Songklanakarin J. Sci. Technol 40 (3), 718-724, May - Jun. 2018
Author
Aluri J.S.R. & Kunuku V.R.
Publisher
 
Year
2018
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. The main medicinally active compounds are flavonoid, steroids, phenols and high levels of saponins[
1585
Title
Antidiabetic and Antioxidant Activity of Rhynchosia Beddomei Baker
Publication
AJPCT[2][11][2014]1323-1332
Author
Suvarchala Reddy N.V.L. et al
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
2321-2748
Description
 
]. The plant also contains volatile oils[
1585
Title
Antidiabetic and Antioxidant Activity of Rhynchosia Beddomei Baker
Publication
AJPCT[2][11][2014]1323-1332
Author
Suvarchala Reddy N.V.L. et al
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
2321-2748
Description
 
].
The leaves possess significant antimicrobial activity[
1586
Title
Pollination ecology of Rhynchosia beddomei Baker (Fabaceae), an endemic medicinal shrub in the southern Eastern Ghat
Publication
Songklanakarin J. Sci. Technol 40 (3), 718-724, May - Jun. 2018
Author
Aluri J.S.R. & Kunuku V.R.
Publisher
 
Year
2018
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

The dried and coarsely powdered aerial parts of the plant were subjected to extraction with methanol and ethyl acetate using simple distillation[
1585
Title
Antidiabetic and Antioxidant Activity of Rhynchosia Beddomei Baker
Publication
AJPCT[2][11][2014]1323-1332
Author
Suvarchala Reddy N.V.L. et al
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
2321-2748
Description
 
]. The extract showed antioxidant and hypoglycaemic activity[
1585
Title
Antidiabetic and Antioxidant Activity of Rhynchosia Beddomei Baker
Publication
AJPCT[2][11][2014]1323-1332
Author
Suvarchala Reddy N.V.L. et al
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
2321-2748
Description
 
]. The methanolic extract was found to have a stronger antidiabetic activity compared to the ethyl acetate extract[
1585
Title
Antidiabetic and Antioxidant Activity of Rhynchosia Beddomei Baker
Publication
AJPCT[2][11][2014]1323-1332
Author
Suvarchala Reddy N.V.L. et al
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
2321-2748
Description
 
].

Agroforestry Uses:

We have seen no specific entry for this species, but all members of this genus have at least some merit for use as a ground cover and in local soil conservation projects[
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Like many species within the family Fabaceae, once they have ripened and dried the seeds of this species may benefit from scarification before sowing in order to speed up and improve germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-07-22. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Rhynchosia+beddomei>

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