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Useful Tropical Plants

Rhigiocarya racemifera

Miers

Menispermaceae

+ Synonyms

Chasmanthera nervosa Miers

Miersiophyton nervosum (Miers) Engl.

Rhigiocarya nervosa (Miers) A.Chev.

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Rhigiocarya racemifera is a large climbing shrub with stems several metres long that climb into the surrounding vegetation. The stems can be 3 - 5cm in diameter at the base, with corky, comb-like projections about 1cm long[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
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Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
The plant is often harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine, and also supplies a glue, tooth picks and a snake repellent.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

West tropical Africa - Sierra Leone to Cameroon, south to northern Angola.

Habitat

Dense, humid, evergreen or semi-deciduous forest, also in forest edges and in secondary forest, at elevations up to 800 metres[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitClimber
Height0.00 m
Self-fertileNo
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

Rhigiocarya racemifera is well known, and commonly used, in west Africa for its antineuralgic and aphrodisiac properties. Research into the plants constituents has supported these traditional uses.
The roots contain several alkaloids.
O-methylflavinantine exhibits a morphine-like antinociceptive activity[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
Liriodenine showed cytotoxicity against human nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells in vitro and against several plant viruses[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
Aqueous leaf extracts contain saponins, tannins and glycosides. They showed significant anti-ulcer activities and also reduced gastrointestinal motility[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
The aqueous leaf extracts have also shown marked antispasmodic effects[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
The aqueous leaf extract did not show significant antimicrobial activity against several human pathogens[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
An ethanolic leaf extract did not show cytotoxicity against mammalian cells in vitro[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
Rhigiocarya racemifera is listed in patent applications relating to materials and methods for modulating expression of nucleic acid sequences such as those encoding polypeptides involved in the biosynthesis of alkaloids[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

A leaf infusion is drunk against mild stomach-ache and to treat diarrhoea, acute gastrointestinal pain, bloody diarrhoea and spasmodic dysmenorrhoea[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
The leaf sap is applied as eye drops or nose drops, or powdered leaves are instilled into the nose against neuralgia and headache[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
Pulped leaves are topically applied to wounds as a haemostatic. In Côte d’Ivoire vapours of a leaf decoction are inhaled to treat dizziness[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

A decoction of finely ground seeds, leafy twigs or roots is drunk or used as a wash or enema as an aphrodisiac. For sexual vigour, men eat a few seeds or ingest the powder directly or mixed with palm wine[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

The plant is also used against sleeplessness[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Other Uses

A snake repellent is prepared from the pulped stem, mixed with clay and water and rubbed onto the body[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Toothpicks are made from stems[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

A glue made from the fruit pulp is used in crafting[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Propagation

Seed -

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