We have followed the treatment given in the 'World Checklist of selected Plant Families', though some authorities use the name Renealmia occidentalis (Sw.) Sweet for this species[
Alpinia aromatic Aubl.
Alpinia bisulcata SessÃ© & Moc.
Alpinia multicaulis Roem. & Schult.
Alpinia occidentalis Sw.
Ethanium aromaticum (Aubl.) Kuntze
Renealmia domingensis Horan.
Renealmia holdenii S.Moore
Renealmia lehmannii K.Schum.
Renealmia lutea J.R.Johnst.
Renealmia occidentalis (Sw.) Sweet
Renealmia pilosa Gleason
Renealmia aromatica is a robust, perennial herbaceous plant, usually producing clumps of sterile stems 1 - 3 metres tall, exceptionally to 4 metres, from a rhizomatous rootstock. The plant also produces smaller, flowering stems 15 - 30cm tall[
The fruits are sometimes gathered from the wild for local use as a flavouring in soups, and the plant also has minor local medicinal uses.
S. America - Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana; C. America - Panama to Mexico; Caribbean - Leeward & Windward Isles to Cuba.
Often abundant in wet mixed forests at elevations up to 1,500 metres in Guatemala[
]. Wet forests, where it sometimes forms small clumps or colonies[
The pulp of the fruit is used as a flavouring in soups[
The rhizome is carminative, tonic and stomachic[
]. It is used in the treatment of syphilis[
An infusion of the rhizome is used as a wash for cleaning ulcers[
The seeds are abortifacient, aromatic and emmenagogue[
]. They are used in the treatment of flatulence accompanied by colic[
The juice of the plant has been used in the treatment of haemorrhoids[
The leaves are covered with fat and then applied to fractures, sprains, and surface inflammations in order to reduce
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