Some modern treatments are using Cryptocarya agathophylla van der Werff as the correct name for this species[
Agathophyllum aromaticum (Sonn.) Willd.
Agathophyllum ravensara Mirb. ex Steud.
Cryptocarya agathophylla van der Werff
Euodia ravensara Gaertn.
Evodia aromatica Poir.
Laurus aromatica Baill.
Ravensara anisata Danguy
Common Name: Madagascar Clove
Madagascar clove is a tree growing 18 - 20 metres tall.
The seeds, leaves and bark are gathered from the wild and used as a spice[
]. The tree is cultivated in Mauritius and Sri Lanka[
]. The fruits are sold in local markets under the name of 'nux caryophyllata', 'Ravensara' or 'four spices'[
Africa - Madagascar.
Forests, mainly at elevations from 1,000 - 1,400 metres[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
The tree commences bearing fruits when about 5 - 6 years old[
]. The fruit takes 6 months to mature but it is usually gathered after 4 months[
Seeds - used as a spice[
]. They contain myristic acid[
]. The source of Madagascar Nutmegs[
The fruit is very aromatic, resembling the clove or anise[
]. The taste is bitter and hot[
]. It contains eugenol[
The bark has a strong anise-like aroma[
]. It is used as a spice[
The strongly aromatic bark is used as a flavouring in making rum[
The leaves are used as a spice[
]. The leaves are dried for a month then plunged in boiling water for five minutes before being dried in the sun or by a fire. This preserves them so that they will store for several years[
The bark is used to treat a range of addictions in a manner similar to sassafras (Sassafras albidum)[
The pulp of the fruit is stimulant[
The yellowish white wood is soft, rather light and fairly durable if kept dry. It can be used for construction and general carpentry[
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