Foscarenia spinosa Roem. & Schult.
Gardenia aculeata (L.) Aiton
Gardenia foliolosa Wight & Arn.
Gardenia jamaicensis Spreng.
Gardenia mitis (L.) Steud.
Gardenia randia Sw.
Gardenia stellaris Salisb.
Genipa aculeata (L.) M.Gómez
Griffithia latifolia (Lam.) Teijsm. & Binn.
Mussaenda mitis (L.) Sessé & Moc.
Mussaenda rotundifolia Sessé & Moc.
Randia foliolosa Wight & Arn.
Randia glomerata Benth.
Randia guatemalensis Standl.
Randia jamaicensis (Spreng.) Krug & Urb.
Randia karstenii Pol.
Randia latifolia Lam.
Randia mitis L.
Randia montana L.O.Williams
Randia spinosa (K.Schum.) Loes.
Randia standleyana L.O.Williams
Rondeletia spinosa K.Schum.
Solena randia (Sw.) D.Dietr.
Randia aculeata is a deciduous shrub or small tree with a thin crown of many, nearly horizontal, spiny branches; it can grow 1.5 - 6 metres tall. The short, straight bole can be 8cm in diameter[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine, dye and source of wood. It is sometimes grown as an ornamental, as a bonsai specimen and is perhaps suitable as a pioneer species in dry areas prone to strong winds.
S. America - Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana; C. America - Panama to Mexico; Caribbean - Trinidad to the Bahamas; SE N. America - Florida.
Thickets and open forests, mainly in drier areas in the coastal, limestone and lower montane regions of Puerto Rico[
]. Unburned pinelands and along the margins of coastal hammocks in Florida[
]. Plants seldom, if ever, form thickets[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
A plant of the lowland tropics and subtropics, where it grows at elevations from sea level to more than 600 metres. It inhabits areas that receive a mean annual rainfall from about 700 - 2,200mm[
]. Established plants can tolerate some frost[
Grows best in an open position with full sun or light shade[
]. Succeeds in most types of soils, including excessively drained and well drained, but not in poorly drained soils[
]. Tolerant of low levels of salt in the soil[
]. Plants are very resistant to the wind and can withstand hurricanes[
]. Established plants are drought tolerant[
A slow-growing plant[
The tree is often decorated and used as a Christmas tree[
The plant can flower and produce green fruits almost all year round[
Fruit - raw[
]. Of poor flavour[
]. The globose fruit is a berry 6 - 13mm in diameter that contains 5 - 10 rounded seeds in a blue or black pulp[
The fruits are used in the treatment of dysentery[
A latex oftained from the plant is reported to effectively stop bleeding[
An unspecified part of the plant is used to control fever[
The species invades abandoned land, but not quickly, and because of slow growth, is not common in early secondary forest following cultivation. However, the plant does hang on tenaciously after disturbance and is prominent in secondary forests arising after logging or partial clearing for pasture[
]. It could have a role to play as a pioneer species when restoring native woodland or establishing a woodland garden, especially in drier soils and areas subject to strong winds[
A blue dye is obtained from the berries[
]. It can be used as an ink[
The light brown wood is hard and heavy. Fishing rods are made from the rigid stems[
The wood is a useful fuel[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe. It tests, seed sown in containers had a 25% germination rate within 46 - 168 days of sowing[
]. It can take 12 months or more before the seedlings are ready to plant out[
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