Fontenellea brasiliensis A.St.-Hil. & Tul.
Young fruits and leaves
Photograph by: Guayubira
Quillaja brasiliensis is an evergreen shrub or tree with a sparse crown growing up to 20 metres tall. The straight bole can be 20 - 30cm in diameter[
The tree is harvested from the wild for its wood and the saponins in its bark. The saponins obtained from the bark can be used as a soap substitute and insecticide.
S. America - Argentina, Uruguay, southern Brazil, southern Peru.
Dry valleys in the mountains of southern Peru[
]. Mixed humid forests, wooded grasslands and the understorey of Araucaria woodlands[
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Succeeds in full sun and in part shade[
]. Prefers a moist but well-drained soil and a position in part shade. Widely tolerant of moisture and soil conditions, it succeeds in poor soils[
A fast-growing plant[
The bark contains saponins[
]. It can be used for cleaning fine textiles[
]. Used like soap, it has the property of
removing grease from dyed cloth without affecting the colour[
The bark has insecticidal properties[
The wood is coarse-textured, straight-grained, moderately heavy, hard to cut, resistant to wood-eating organisms. It is used for general construction, lumber etc[
The wood is used for fuel and to make charcoal[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a partially shaded position in a nursery seedbed. A low germination rate can be expected, with the seed sprouting within 30 - 60 days[
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