If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating.
Useful Tropical Plants

(Redirected from Drypetes roxburghii)

Putranjiva roxburghii

Wall.

Putranjivaceae

+ Synonyms

Cyclostemon racemosus Zipp. ex Span.

Drypetes roxburghii (Wall.) Hurus.

Drypetes timorensis (Blume) Pax & K.Hoffm.

Nageia putranjiva Roxb.

Putranjiva amblyocarpa Müll.Arg.

Putranjiva sphaerocarpa Müll.Arg.

Pycnosandra timorensis Blume

Common Name:

Putranjiva roxburghii
Trunk and leaves
Photograph by: Hatem Moushir
Creative Commons License
Putranjiva roxburghii Putranjiva roxburghii Putranjiva roxburghii Putranjiva roxburghii Putranjiva roxburghii

General Information

Putranjiva roxburghii is an evergreen tree growing up to 12 metres tall.
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of beads, oil and wood. An attractive tree with pendant branches, it is grown as an ornamental in gardens, especially in India[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

464
Title
A Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon
Publication
 
Author
Trimen H.; continued by Hooker J.D.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Dulau and Co; London.
Year
1898
ISBN
 
Description
Very dated, but still a useful work. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
497
Title
The Botany of Bihar and Orissa
Publication
 
Author
Haines H.H.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Adlard & Son & West Newman Ltd. London
Year
1922
ISBN
 
Description
A flora, it gives many plant uses. The book can be downloaded from the Internet.

Range

E. Asia - Indian subcontinent, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia to New Guinea.

Habitat

Along river-banks, in shady valleys and evergreen forests[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
]. Drier regions of Sri Lanka[
464
Title
A Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon
Publication
 
Author
Trimen H.; continued by Hooker J.D.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Dulau and Co; London.
Year
1898
ISBN
 
Description
Very dated, but still a useful work. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height10.00 m
Self-fertileNo
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details



This species is usually dioecious, though occasional monoecious forms are found. Generally, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[
464
Title
A Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon
Publication
 
Author
Trimen H.; continued by Hooker J.D.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Dulau and Co; London.
Year
1898
ISBN
 
Description
Very dated, but still a useful work. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

A decoction of leaves and fruit is taken for the treatment of liver complaints, colds, fevers and rheumatism[
240
Title
Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement).
Publication
 
Author
Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C.
Publisher
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi.
Year
1986
ISBN
-
Description
Very terse details of medicinal uses of plants with a wide range of references and details of research into the plants chemistry. Not for the casual reader.
,
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
,
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

Other Uses

The hard, white seeds of the fruit are threaded into necklaces and also used for rosaries[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
,
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
]. Necklaces made from the seeds are traditionally given to children as a protection from disease[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
].

An olive-brown, fixed oil is obtained from the seed. It is used for burning[
371
Title
Oil Yielding Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mnes.nic.in/list/oil-plants.pdf
Publisher
Botanical Survey of India.
Year
2004
ISBN
 
Description
A PDF downloaded from the Internet. Very terse details about the applications of oil obtained from over 300 species of plants.
,
387
Title
Economic Products of India. Volume 1.
Publication
 
Author
Watt. G.
Publisher
Government of India: Calcutta.
Year
1883
ISBN
 
Description
Although over 100 years old, it still contains a wealth of information on useful plants. Many of the botanical names have been changed since then, so you have to check for up to date names. The book can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

An essential oil is obtained from the seed[
371
Title
Oil Yielding Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mnes.nic.in/list/oil-plants.pdf
Publisher
Botanical Survey of India.
Year
2004
ISBN
 
Description
A PDF downloaded from the Internet. Very terse details about the applications of oil obtained from over 300 species of plants.
].

The grey wood is close-grained, moderately hard[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
].The wood is sometimes used for construction, turnery, tool handles[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
,
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
,
467
Title
The Philippine Journal of Science. Vol. 4
Publication
 
Author
Freer P.C. (Editor)
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
The Bureau of Science, Philippines.
Year
1909
ISBN
 
Description
A number of articles on Philippine plants, including one on the qualities of Philippine woods.
,
497
Title
The Botany of Bihar and Orissa
Publication
 
Author
Haines H.H.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Adlard & Son & West Newman Ltd. London
Year
1922
ISBN
 
Description
A flora, it gives many plant uses. The book can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2020-08-14. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Putranjiva+roxburghii&redir=Drypetes+roxburghii>

Comments

Arja Dutta 02nd September 2015 2:06
seed has a large portion of mannitol and small quantity of saponin glucoside and unidentified alkaloid.

Add a Comment:

If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.