A very variable species that is the source of much confusion. Even the author of the valid name (Swartz) assumed the Guinea Coast of Africa as place of origin![
The tree is often confused with the true guava, Psidium guajava, and hybridizes with that species in nature[
Guajava mollis (Bertol.) Kuntze
Psidium araca Raddi
Psidium costa-ricense O.Berg
Psidium guyanense Pers.
Psidium laurifolium O.Berg
Psidium molle Bertol.
Psidium polycarpon Lamb.
Psidium rotundifolium Standl.
Psidium schippii Standl.
Common Name: Brazilian Guava
Photograph by: RubensL
Brazilian guava is a very variable plant, usually a shrub but sometimes a small tree[
]. A relatively slow-growing plant, it can reach a height of up to 7 metres, but is usually smaller.
The tree is occasionally cultivated at medium elevations in some areas of the tropics, especially S. America, for its edible fruit[
S. America - Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil; north through Central America to Mexico and the Caribbean
Wet to dry thickets or open forest, often in oak or pine forest, frequently on rocky open hillsides or plains, at elevations up to 2,400 metres, but most common at middle elevations[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
A plant of tropical to warm subtropical climates[
Plants are tolerant of a variety of soil conditions[
]. Does not grow well on light, sandy soils[
At Agartala in Tripura, northeast India, this plant has become thoroughly naturalized and runs wild[
While no named cultivars have been reported, this species has been crossed with the common guava (Psidium guajava) and the hybrids are dwarf, hardy and bear heavy crops[
Fruit - usually eaten raw, it can also be baked, stewed or made into a paste[
]. The small, greenish-yellow fruits are subacid to acid, with a hint of strawberry in the flavour[
]. They lack the strong musky aroma of the common guava (P. guajava)[
]. The ovoid fruit is a bit smaller than the common guava and too bitter or resinous to be palatable[
]. The ellipsoid fruit is 2 - 3cm in diameter[
A decoction of the bark, or of the roots, is employed to treat urinary diseases, diarrhoea and dysentery[
]. It is said to reduce varicose veins and ulcers on the legs[
A leaf decoction is taken to relieve colds, bronchitis and diarrhoea[
The juice of the young fruit is squeezed and used as a treatment for dysentery and upset stomachs[
The bark is rich in tannin[
The wood is strong and used for tool handles, beams, planks and agricultural instruments[
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