If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating.
Useful Tropical Plants

Pseudarthria viscida

(L.) Wight & Arn.

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Desmodium leschenaultia DC.

Desmodium timorense DC.

Desmodium viscidum auct.

Glycine viscida (L.) Willd.

Hedysarum viscidum L.

Pseudarthria gyroides Zoll. & Moritzi

Pseudarthria timoriensis (DC.) Z. & M.

Rhynchosia viscida (L.) DC.

Common Name: Salaparni

No Image.

General Information

Pseudarthria viscida is an ascending, much branched perennial plant with stems that become more or less woody and persist; it can grow from 60 - 120cm tall often clothed with hooked hairs[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
372
Title
Flowers of India
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.flowersofindia.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A wed site of native Indian plants, plus cultivated and naturalized species. It has good quality photos and terse details on more than 3,000 species and cultivars.
].
The plant is very commonly used in Ayurvedic medicine, being harvested from the wild and traded. It has potential for use as a green manure.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

464
Title
A Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon
Publication
 
Author
Trimen H.; continued by Hooker J.D.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Dulau and Co; London.
Year
1898
ISBN
 
Description
Very dated, but still a useful work. It can be downloaded from the Internet.

Range

E. Asia - southern India, Sri Lanka

Habitat

Growing in dry regions in grassy fields, roadsides and thickets; at elevations up to 1,200 metres[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. Moist low country in Sri Lanka, where it is a common weed[464[.

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *  *
Other Uses Rating *
HabitShrub
Height1.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



This species has not yet been evaluated for the IUCN Red List, but its excessive collection from the wild has resulted in a gradual disappearance of the plant from its natural habitat, and at present its number is highly reduced in the wild[
1568
Title
An efficient plant regeneration system through callus for Pseudarthria viscida (L.) Wright and Arn., a rare ethnomed
Publication
Physiol Mol Biol Plants (October-December 2011) 17(4):395-401
Author
Cheruvathur M.K. & Thomas T.D.
Website
http://10.1007/s12298-011-0089-z
Publisher
 
Year
2011
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The flat viscid seedpods attach themselves to clothing or animals, and are thus transferred to other places[
464
Title
A Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon
Publication
 
Author
Trimen H.; continued by Hooker J.D.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Dulau and Co; London.
Year
1898
ISBN
 
Description
Very dated, but still a useful work. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria; these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

Pseudarthria viscida is widely used and valued in Ayurvedic medicine, where its roots are considered to be useful in the treatment of a wide variety of ailments[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
372
Title
Flowers of India
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.flowersofindia.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A wed site of native Indian plants, plus cultivated and naturalized species. It has good quality photos and terse details on more than 3,000 species and cultivars.
]. It is one among the 'Dasamoola' (10 roots) of Ayurveda, mentioned in most of the ancient scriptures, and is a major component in many Ayurvedic preparations[
1568
Title
An efficient plant regeneration system through callus for Pseudarthria viscida (L.) Wright and Arn., a rare ethnomed
Publication
Physiol Mol Biol Plants (October-December 2011) 17(4):395-401
Author
Cheruvathur M.K. & Thomas T.D.
Website
http://10.1007/s12298-011-0089-z
Publisher
 
Year
2011
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The root is considered to be anthelmintic, antifungal, antiinflammatory, antioxidant, antitumor, aphrodisiac, astringent, bitter, cardiotonic, digestive, diuretic, emollient , febrifuge, hypotensive, rejuvenating and tonic[
1568
Title
An efficient plant regeneration system through callus for Pseudarthria viscida (L.) Wright and Arn., a rare ethnomed
Publication
Physiol Mol Biol Plants (October-December 2011) 17(4):395-401
Author
Cheruvathur M.K. & Thomas T.D.
Website
http://10.1007/s12298-011-0089-z
Publisher
 
Year
2011
ISBN
 
Description
 
,
1569
Title
Pharmacognostical Evaluation of the Roots of Pseudarthria viscida (Linn.)
Publication
Natural Product Sciences 13(3) : 214-219 (2007)
Author
Rajendran K.; Srinivasan K.K. & Shirwaikar A.
Publisher
 
Year
2007
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. It is used in the treatment of a wide range of conditions such as bronchial asthma, cough, bronchitis, and tuberculosis; biliousness, dyspepsis, vomitting, food poisoning and diarrhoea; nervous dysfunction, heart conditions, diabetes mellitus, general debility, fevers, worms, haemorrhoids and rheumatism[
240
Title
Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement).
Publication
 
Author
Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C.
Publisher
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi.
Year
1986
ISBN
-
Description
Very terse details of medicinal uses of plants with a wide range of references and details of research into the plants chemistry. Not for the casual reader.
,
372
Title
Flowers of India
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.flowersofindia.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A wed site of native Indian plants, plus cultivated and naturalized species. It has good quality photos and terse details on more than 3,000 species and cultivars.
,
1568
Title
An efficient plant regeneration system through callus for Pseudarthria viscida (L.) Wright and Arn., a rare ethnomed
Publication
Physiol Mol Biol Plants (October-December 2011) 17(4):395-401
Author
Cheruvathur M.K. & Thomas T.D.
Website
http://10.1007/s12298-011-0089-z
Publisher
 
Year
2011
ISBN
 
Description
 
,
1569
Title
Pharmacognostical Evaluation of the Roots of Pseudarthria viscida (Linn.)
Publication
Natural Product Sciences 13(3) : 214-219 (2007)
Author
Rajendran K.; Srinivasan K.K. & Shirwaikar A.
Publisher
 
Year
2007
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. It is also used in the treatment of insect bites and is used against inflammations[
372
Title
Flowers of India
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.flowersofindia.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A wed site of native Indian plants, plus cultivated and naturalized species. It has good quality photos and terse details on more than 3,000 species and cultivars.
].
Since it effectively arrests bleeding and alleviates oedema, it is considered a valuable panacea for heart diseases and blood disorders[
1568
Title
An efficient plant regeneration system through callus for Pseudarthria viscida (L.) Wright and Arn., a rare ethnomed
Publication
Physiol Mol Biol Plants (October-December 2011) 17(4):395-401
Author
Cheruvathur M.K. & Thomas T.D.
Website
http://10.1007/s12298-011-0089-z
Publisher
 
Year
2011
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The root juice is given as a nasal drop in case of headache and hemicranias[
1569
Title
Pharmacognostical Evaluation of the Roots of Pseudarthria viscida (Linn.)
Publication
Natural Product Sciences 13(3) : 214-219 (2007)
Author
Rajendran K.; Srinivasan K.K. & Shirwaikar A.
Publisher
 
Year
2007
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

The herb is seldom used externally[
372
Title
Flowers of India
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.flowersofindia.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A wed site of native Indian plants, plus cultivated and naturalized species. It has good quality photos and terse details on more than 3,000 species and cultivars.
].

The root of the plant has been reported to contain leucopelargonidin, flavonoids and proteins[
1569
Title
Pharmacognostical Evaluation of the Roots of Pseudarthria viscida (Linn.)
Publication
Natural Product Sciences 13(3) : 214-219 (2007)
Author
Rajendran K.; Srinivasan K.K. & Shirwaikar A.
Publisher
 
Year
2007
ISBN
 
Description
 
]

Agroforestry Uses:

A potential green manure[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-07-22. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Pseudarthria+viscida>

Add a Comment:

If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.