If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating.
Useful Tropical Plants

Prunus arborea

(Blume) Kalkman

Rosaceae


A variable species, several subspecies are recognised.
The taxonomic history of Prunus is long and complicated, in part due to the economic value of its fruit crops and also the ease with which some species hybridize. Here, Prunus is circumscribed in its broad sense based on the argument that when viewed on a worldwide scale, the morphologic discontinuities among the segregate genera diminish and they overlap with one another. Included here are species that have at times been placed in the genera Amygdalus, Armeniaca, Cerasus, Laurocerasus, Padus, and Persica.
At the species level, Prunus has been the object of the usual combining and splitting common among taxonomists with different philosophies and opinions. In particular, over-reliance on the indument of various vegetative and floral parts has led to the naming of numerous species and infraspecific taxa. Similarly, too much has been made of fruit colour and palatability in naming taxa of Prunus. It is very likely that, as molecular and genetic data are analyzed and, more importantly, correlated with morphological data, circumscriptions will be redrawn and the number of Prunus species will be reduced[
270
Title
Flora of N. America
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/fna/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line version of the flora with an excellent description of the plant including a brief mention of plant uses.
].

+ Synonyms

Digaster sumatranus Miq.

Polydontia arborea Blume

Pygeum affine Merr.

Pygeum anomalum Koehne

Pygeum arboreum Endl.

Pygeum arboreum Endl. Ex Kurz

Pygeum arboreum Müll.Berol.

Pygeum atrovillosum J.E.Vidal

Pygeum bachmaense J.E.Vidal

Pygeum blumei Teijsm. & Binn.

Pygeum brachybotrys Merr.

Pygeum capitellatum Hook.f.

Pygeum ciliatum Koehne

Pygeum diospyrophyllum Koehne

Pygeum donaiense J.E.Vidal

Pygeum ellipticum Merr.

Pygeum euphlebium Merr.

Pygeum ferreum Craib

Pygeum floribundum Koehne

Pygeum griffithii Koehne

Pygeum henryi Dunn

Pygeum intermedium King

Pygeum junghuhnii Koehne

Pygeum laxiflorum Merr. ex H.L.Li

Pygeum merrillianum Koehne

Pygeum montanum Hook.f.

Pygeum ocellatum Koehne

Pygeum ovalifolium King

Pygeum pachyphyllum Merr.

Pygeum parreauanum Pierre ex Cardot

Pygeum parreavii Pierre

Pygeum parviflorum Teijsm. & Binn.

Pygeum patens Ridl.

Pygeum persimile Kurz

Pygeum pilinospermum Koehne

Pygeum robustum Koord. & Valeton) Koehne

Pygeum rubiginosum Ridl.

Pygeum sericeum Koehne

Pygeum sessiliflorum Cardot

Pygeum stipulaceum King

Pygeum subcordatum (Koord. & Valeton) Koehne

Pygeum sumatranum (Miq.) Miq.

Pygeum timorense Koehne

Pygeum tokangpengii Merr.

Pygeum topengii Merr.

Pygeum wilsonii Koehne

Common Name:

Prunus arborea
Ripening fruits
Photograph by: Martin W. Callmander
Creative Commons License
Prunus arborea Prunus arborea Prunus arborea

General Information

Prunus arborea is a deciduous tree that usually grows up to 15 metres tall, occasionally to 30 metres. The straight, cylindrical bole can be up to 35cm in diameter and is sometimes buttressed[
443
Title
Biotik, Laos
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://biotik.org/species_list_laos.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on more than 100 species of Laotian trees.
,
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
,
939
Title
Identification and Utilization of Lesser-Known Commercial Timbers in Peninsular Malaysia 12; Pagar Anak, Pepauh, Pep
Publication
Timber Technology Bulletin No. 49
Author
Lim S.C.; Gan K.S.
Website
https://info.frim.gov.my/infocenter/booksonline/ttb/TTBno49.pdf
Publisher
Forest Research Institute; Malaysia.
Year
2009
ISBN
139-258
Description
Part of an excellent series of publications, this one giving a brief guide to four groups of lesser known commercial timbers from Peninsula Malaysia. It can be downloaded in PDF format from the Internet.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for its wood, which is used locally and sometimes traded. The tree has potential for growing as an ornamental[
443
Title
Biotik, Laos
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://biotik.org/species_list_laos.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on more than 100 species of Laotian trees.
].
The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

The plant (especially the seed and young shoots) contains cyanogenic glycosides, especially amygdalin and prunasin. When injested, these compounds break down in the digestive tract to release cyanide. Used in small quantities in both traditional and conventional medicine, this exceedingly poisonous compound has been shown to stimulate respiration, improve digestion, and promote a sense of well-being[
238
Title
Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses.
Publication
 
Author
Bown. D.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley, London.
Year
1995
ISBN
0-7513-020-31
Description
A very well presented and informative book on herbs from around the globe. Plenty in it for both the casual reader and the serious student. Just one main quibble is the silly way of having two separate entries for each plant.
]. It is also claimed by some to be of benefit in the treatment of cancer - though this claim has been largely refuted.
In larger concentrations, however, cyanide can cause gasping, weakness, excitement, pupil dilation, spasms, convulsions, coma and respiratory failure leading to death[
293
Title
Poisonous Plants of North Carolina
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/consumer/poison/poison.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent concise but comprehensive guide to toxic plants that grow in N. Carolina. It lists even those plants that are of very low toxicity, including several well-known food plants such as carrots and potatoes.
].
The fruits and flowers of most members of this genus generally have low or very low concentrations of this toxin, though the seeds and young shoots can contain much higher levels.
The levels of toxin can be detected by the level of bitterness:- for example sweet tasting almond seeds are a major food crop and are often eaten in quantity, whilst bitter tasting almond seeds are used as a flavouring (in marzipan for example) but are not usually eaten on their own.
In general, it can be considered safe to eat any fruit or seed from species in this genus that either have a sweet flavour or are slightly bitter. Great caution should be taken, however, if the flavour is moderately to very bitter[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

Botanical References

451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet

Range

E. Asia - Pakistan, India, China, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam.

Habitat

A mid-canopy tree in mixed dipterocarp, keranga, sub-montane and montane evergreen and humid forests; usually on hillsides and ridges, but also along rivers and streams; on sandy soils; at elevations from 200 - 3,000 metres[
443
Title
Biotik, Laos
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://biotik.org/species_list_laos.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on more than 100 species of Laotian trees.
,
653
Title
Plants of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.asianplant.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Excellent site with brief information on the plant, its range, habitat and uses, plus phots of specimens, close-ops of flowers and leaves etc,
].

Properties

Conservation StatusLeast Concern
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitDeciduous Tree
Height15.00 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

A decoction of leaves is used as a drink to precipitate childbirth during labour[
555
Title
Medicinal Plants of Asia and the Pacific
Publication
 
Author
Wiart C.
Publisher
CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group; Florida.
Year
2006
ISBN
0-8493-7245-3
Description
An excellent look at a range of plants, in particular focussing on the active principles that could be responsible for the medical activities.
].

The only pharmacological report available thus far on this plant is a clinical study of a phytosterol extract. It was shown that, in the case of prostatitis, the extract is effective for more than 90% of the patients treated, and was presented as being a highly reliable product for use by the specialist or general practitioner[
555
Title
Medicinal Plants of Asia and the Pacific
Publication
 
Author
Wiart C.
Publisher
CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group; Florida.
Year
2006
ISBN
0-8493-7245-3
Description
An excellent look at a range of plants, in particular focussing on the active principles that could be responsible for the medical activities.
].

Other Uses

The bark is said to be suitable for making rice containers[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].

The heartwood is pink to red brow; the sapwood is somewhat paler. The texture is moderately fine to moderately coarse and even; the grain is straight or wavy or deeply interlocked. The wood is soft to hard, light to slightly heavy. It is suitable for light to medium construction under cover. Other uses include general planking, laminated boards, domestic flooring, general utility furniture, veneer and plywood[
939
Title
Identification and Utilization of Lesser-Known Commercial Timbers in Peninsular Malaysia 12; Pagar Anak, Pepauh, Pep
Publication
Timber Technology Bulletin No. 49
Author
Lim S.C.; Gan K.S.
Website
https://info.frim.gov.my/infocenter/booksonline/ttb/TTBno49.pdf
Publisher
Forest Research Institute; Malaysia.
Year
2009
ISBN
139-258
Description
Part of an excellent series of publications, this one giving a brief guide to four groups of lesser known commercial timbers from Peninsula Malaysia. It can be downloaded in PDF format from the Internet.
].

Propagation

Seed - requires 2 - 3 months cold stratification and is best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Sow stored seed in a nursery seedbed as early in the year as possible[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Protect the seed from mice etc. The seed can be rather slow, sometimes taking 18 months to germinate[
113
Title
The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation.
Publication
 
Author
Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W.
Publisher
Athens Ga. Varsity Press
Year
1987
ISBN
0942375009
Description
A very detailed book on propagating trees. Not for the casual reader.
]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. Grow them on until large enough to plant out
Cuttings of half-ripe wood with a heel in a frame[
11
Title
Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement.
Publication
 
Author
Bean. W.
Publisher
Murray
Year
1981
ISBN
-
Description
A classic with a wealth of information on the plants, but poor on pictures.
,
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Softwood cuttings from strongly growing plants in a frame[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Layering
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-09-17. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Prunus+arborea>

Add a Comment:

If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.